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An Atomic Quantum Simulator with long-range, multi-body interactions

Project description

A novel atomic quantum simulator may bring theoretical predictions to life

Since the discovery of superconductivity in 1911, pioneering theoretical and experimental work has opened a window on the non-classical rules governing the quantum world. As with that early discovery, many phenomena result from the collective behaviour of systems of many subatomic components (many-body systems) exhibiting macroscopic quantum effects. The collective behaviour of groups of two or more 'bodies' can be quite different from those of individual particles, and the underlying interactions can occur at (relatively) large distances. This is often true of the so-called fermionic many-body systems, and ultracold atomic quantum gases offer a unique opportunity for quantum simulation of such systems. The EU-funded CriLiN project is developing a novel atomic quantum simulator that could enable the experimental demonstration of important theoretical descriptions for the first time.

Objective

Ultracold atomic gases have emerged as ideal quantum simulators, as they enable experimentalists to study the interplay between the properties of a quantum many-body system and the interactions between its constituents with unmatched accuracy. However, in spite of impressive progresses, an atomic quantum simulator of highly correlated fermionic matter, able to address both phenomena of exotic superfluidity and itinerant ferromagnetism, still awaits experimental demonstration. Such a system needs to be built from the ground-up by carefully harnessing the underlying few-body physics.

In CriLiN I will develop and test a new kind of Atomic Quantum Simulator of unequal-mass spin-1/2 fermions with long-range, multi-body resonant interactions. In order to do so, I will exploit the still unexplored 6Li-53Cr Fermi-Fermi mixture which, thanks to its special mass ratio of M/m=8.8 exhibits unique few-body properties that strongly favour the many-body phases of our interest. Indeed, on the “molecular side” of an interspecies s-wave Feshbach resonance, the Cr-Li system supports a real (virtual) stable universal trimer (tetramer) state, while benefiting from quantum-interference induced suppression of three-body recombination processes. At the few-body level, this will allow for the first time to resonantly tune multi-body, long-range p-wave interactions. At the many-body level, this will allow both to investigate Stoner's model of itinerant ferromagnetism and to greatly enhance the possibility to attain elusive superfluid regimes or topologically non-trivial p-wave superfluids.

In CriLiN I will: (i) realize a degenerate 6Li-53Cr Fermi-Fermi mixture and
identify intra- and inter-species Feshbach resonances suitable for our
simulator; (ii) unveil and characterize stable cluster states and exploit them
to resonantly tune three- and four-body elastic interactions; (iii) demonstrate the
suppression of inelastic pairing processes in repulsively interacting mixtures.

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Coordinator

CONSIGLIO NAZIONALE DELLE RICERCHE
Net EU contribution
€ 183 473,28
Address
Piazzale aldo moro 7
00185 Roma
Italy

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Region
Centro (IT) Lazio Roma
Activity type
Research Organisations
Links
Other funding
€ 0,00