A new look at the Neanderthal cranium
Our closest extinct human relatives, Neanderthals are probably the most studied among all the extinct human groups. This is mainly due to the fossil evidence and the fact that they overlapped with modern humans. It is well documented that the overall anatomy of the Neanderthals differs from that of modern humans. However, the cranial morphology of the first Neanderthals sensu stricto (marine isotope stage 7-6, late MP) has not been fully described using state-of-the-art techniques. The EU-funded NEANDER-TALe project will study the Abri Suard site’s (Charente, France) cranial remains. Specifically, it will use virtual imaging techniques to identify the tempo and mode of apparition of typical Neanderthal cranial features.
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