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Adaptive Optical Dendrites

Project description

Optical computation based on neuronal signal processing enhances energy efficiency

The dendrites of neurons form a highly branched tree-like structure largely devoted to receiving incoming signals from other neurons and processing them. In fact, some estimates suggest that approximately 75 % of the dendritic surface participates in synaptic transmission, or the reception of a signal from other neurons. The processing itself has linear and non-linear, analog and threshold features, as well as being complex and efficient. Models have been exploring the capabilities of such dendritic computation. Scientists working on the EU-funded ADOPD project intend to harness these concepts for ultrafast fibre-optical computational units, a basis for next-generation neuromorphic computing with significantly reduced energy consumption compared to standard computers. As end-users demand the ever faster processing of exponentially increasing amounts of information for applications ranging from cell phones and gaming to self-driving cars, novel computational units based on dendrite-inspired fibre-optical systems could be a game changer.

Call for proposal

H2020-FETOPEN-2018-2019-2020-01
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Coordinator

GEORG-AUGUST-UNIVERSITAT GOTTINGEN STIFTUNG OFFENTLICHEN RECHTS
Address
Wilhelmsplatz 1
37073 Gottingen
Germany
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 757 625

Participants (4)

UNIVERSITAT DE LES ILLES BALEARS
Spain
EU contribution
€ 387 000
Address
Carretera De Valldemossa Km 7.5
07122 Palma De Mallorca
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
AGENCIA ESTATAL CONSEJO SUPERIOR DE INVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS
Spain
EU contribution
€ 568 250
Address
Calle Serrano 117
28006 Madrid
Activity type
Research Organisations
TECHNISCHE UNIVERSITAET GRAZ
Austria
EU contribution
€ 515 000
Address
Rechbauerstrasse 12
8010 Graz
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
LEONI FIBER OPTICS GMBH
Germany
EU contribution
€ 591 000
Address
Muhldamm 6
96524 Neuhaus Schierschnitz
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)