CORDIS - EU research results

Rationality of varieties and algebraic cycles


This project uses algebraic cycles and unramified cohomology to attack fundamental questions about the rationality, stable rationality and unirationality of rationally connected varieties, the integral Hodge conjecture for abelian varieties, as well as the Griffiths-Harris conjecture about curves on three-dimensional hypersurfaces.

A breakthrough of Voisin, with improvements by Colliot-Thélène--Pirutka and myself, recently led to tremendous advances in our understanding of (stable) rationality of rationally connected varieties. For instance, this allowed me to solve the rationality problem for hypersurfaces under a logarithmic degree bound, improving previous linear bounds of Kollár and Totaro. This project pushes this circle of ideas further, aiming in particular at a solution of the rationality problem beyond my logarithmic bound.

One of the most powerful (stable) birational invariants of smooth projective varieties is unramified cohomology. In general, this invariant is notoriously hard to compute and we aim to develop new tools which allow to compute unramified cohomology more efficiently. We will use this to analyse the third unramified cohomology of abelian varieties and of hypersurfaces in projective 4-space. By a result of Colliot-Thélène and Voisin, this will allow us to attack the integral Hodge conjecture for abelian varieties, and hence, by work of Voisin, the longstanding open problem whether cubic threefolds are stably rational, as well as an old conjecture of Griffiths and Harris concerning curves on three-dimensional hypersurfaces.

We also introduce a cycle-theoretic approach, using the torsion order of symmetric products, to construct an obstruction for the unirationality of rationally connected varieties. We aim to use this to show that not every rationally connected variety is unirational, thereby solving a longstanding open problem in the field.

Host institution

Net EU contribution
€ 1 498 750,00
30167 Hannover

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Niedersachsen Hannover Region Hannover
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
Total cost
€ 1 498 750,00

Beneficiaries (1)