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Low temperature catalytic methane decomposition for COx-free hydrogen production

Objective

The world needs a disruptive technology to very quickly decarbonize the energy; the success of this technology depends heavily on its social acceptance, sustainability and fast and easy implementation. The proponents of 112CO2 believe to have this technology. Imagine that a new chemical reactor would make possible to use methane, an easy to transport and to store fuel, either fossil, renewable or synthetic, for producing COx-free hydrogen in a cost-effective way. Imagine that this approach could be implemented swiftly, taking advantage of the present infrastructure. 112CO2 project is about producing hydrogen from low temperature methane decomposition (MD), a 100 % selective reaction – CH4 → C (s) + 2 H2. The use of methane from biogas allows actively to remove CO2 from the atmosphere (negative carbon balance) but, if using fossil methane, there will be no COx emissions.
112CO2 project aims at developing a low temperature MD catalyst, easy to regenerate and very active, > 0.45 gH2/gCat/h and stable for at least 10 000 h. 112CO2 proposes an innovative regeneration step based on the selective hydrogenation of the carbon attaching interface with the catalyst, allowing to release the coke particles and the recovery of the catalytic activity. Proponents succeed very recently to demonstrate, in a 500-h experiment, that this approach is possible and easily accomplishable. A membrane reactor, made of a stack of individual cells for producing hydrogen and a stack for pumping out this fuel cell grade hydrogen, will be developed for running at ca. 600 °C and to display > 0.05 gH2/cm3/h, an energy density comparable to the PEMFC. The proposed MD reactor is suitable for mobile as well as for stationary applications.
112CO2 project proposes also an ambitious communication strategy, aim at to involve investors, existing companies, researchers, youngsters, undergraduate and graduate students for this new technology and engage them in the urgent energy decarbonization endeavour.

Field of science

  • /engineering and technology/environmental engineering/energy and fuels/fuel cell

Call for proposal

H2020-EIC-FETPROACT-2019
See other projects for this call

Funding Scheme

RIA - Research and Innovation action

Coordinator

UNIVERSIDADE DO PORTO
Address
Praca Gomes Teixeira
4099 002 Porto
Portugal
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
EU contribution
€ 839 915

Participants (6)

AGENCIA ESTATAL CONSEJO SUPERIOR DEINVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS
Spain
EU contribution
€ 614 135
Address
Calle Serrano 117
28006 Madrid
Activity type
Research Organisations
DEUTSCHES ZENTRUM FUR LUFT - UND RAUMFAHRT EV
Germany
EU contribution
€ 728 383,75
Address
Linder Hohe
51147 Koln
Activity type
Research Organisations
ECOLE POLYTECHNIQUE FEDERALE DE LAUSANNE
Switzerland
EU contribution
€ 599 953,75
Address
Batiment Ce 3316 Station 1
1015 Lausanne
Activity type
Higher or Secondary Education Establishments
PAUL WURTH SA
Luxembourg
EU contribution
€ 162 500
Address
Rue D Alsace 32
1122 Luxembourg
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
QUANTIS
Switzerland
EU contribution
€ 335 000
Address
Parc Scientifique Epfl Pse D
1024 Ecublens Vd
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)
PIXEL VOLTAIC LDA
Portugal
EU contribution
€ 305 291,25
Address
Rua Da Arroteia, Nr. 158, 2B-28
4425 622 Maia
Activity type
Private for-profit entities (excluding Higher or Secondary Education Establishments)