- To translate and adapt the European Survey on Aging Protocol (ESAP). `
- To coordinate and control EXCELSA-PILOT.
- To set up a master file with data about aging.
- To carry out the EXCELSA-Pilot central data management.
- Final Product: Descriptive data about healthy aging and competence in the European context
The unprecedented increase in life expectancy in this century has resulted in a large number of elderly people in the European Union, many of whom are vulnerable to developing health problems. Cohorts of people born indifferent eras and countries age in different ways because of the particular social and environmental circumstances, social and medical care. EXCELSA is planned to be a Cross-European Longitudinal Study on Aging in order to develop a European knowledge base about the contribution of bio behavioural and psychosocial determinants of changes in health and competence across the life-span within European Union. The basis of EXCELSAis in the conduct of EC concerted action on Gerontology, e.g. EuGeron: Aging, Health and Competence. The general objective of EuGeron (1993-1996) was to prepare a knowledge database about the conditions of health and functioning that promote or inhibit the independent living in relation to age. This knowledge in terms of survey data is necessary to design a realistic public policy in aging societies and to guide the enhancement of competence and quality of life of aging persons in different geographic and socio-economic settings. Presently, nine European countries are participating in EuGeron; since EXCELSA is its continuation, also nine European countries will be involved on this research project.
The European Research on Aging Protocol (ERAP; questionnaire and manual of operation) has been one of the EuGeron outcomes. ERAP has two main parts: bio behavioural and psychosocial. The ERAP is ready to be translated and adapted to participant countries. In order to implement EXCELSA and to have valid and reliable knowledge data base on aging in Europe, a pilot study have to be conducted. In other words, EXCELSA/PILOT is the first step of the EXCELSA implementation and includes, among others, the translation of the ERAP, the testing of the ERAP on 9 national samples of 100 individuals (aged 30-85, one hour interview plus a half an hour examination), the multi-level analysis and the reporting of the pilot data (national and European level), and the preparations for the second step of EXCELSA's implementation. In summary, EXCELSA PILOT main objectives are: the adaptation, standardisation and validation of the European Research on Aging Protocol (ERAP) and the operation manual to nine EU member states, the coordination and control of EXCELSA Pilot Studies, and the European management national data.