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Design of human / machine interfaces and their validation in aeronautics

Objective



Answering to the 3A.5.4 of the BRITE EURAM III program, the main objective of this project is to develop, apply and evaluate in an industrial context a methodology which systematically uses the up-to-date Human Factors (HF) techniques for design and evaluation of HMI, and which aims at minimising aircrew errors and maximising effectiveness through improved situation awareness. Aircrew errors are the main factor (by 70%), which impacts the civilaviation safety.

This methodology is composed of:- a new HF-driven design process based on new methods for analysing the improvements which have to be made- a new HMI evaluation process based on objective and subjective measures of crew efficiency.

Secondary objectives are (as result of application of the new methodology) new HMIs which optimise situation awareness and effectiveness of crew response to abnormal situations for two design cases:
1) "external" situation awareness: with respect to terrain and traffic, to minimise the risk of mid-air collision and controlled flight-into terrain;
2) "internal" situation awareness: with respect to onboard subsystems behaviour, to increase the correctness of situation assessment and improve the decision making in case of sub-system failure, thanks to an intelligent decision aid.

The project will evaluate the three phases of the methodology (definition, design and evaluation) and last three years:
1) In the definition phase the multi-disciplinary team from industry and research centres will define the design methodology (based on Quality Function Deployment - a new method which aims at assessing a functional breakdown of qualities - and existing HF techniques) and the situation awareness requirements. QFD will be applied to structure the requirements for each design case and derive potential solutions which could support the requirements;
2) In the design phase, the new HMI solutions will be defined using appropriate HF techniques (e.g. cognitive modelling like Cognitive Function Analysis), then prototyped to allow a first Human Factors review and drive some modifications. Following this, the new HMIs and the required recording devices will be implemented in two industrial research flight simulators: At Aerospatiale Toulouse for design case 1, and British Aerospace Filton for design case 2;
3) The evaluation phase will:
- evaluate the two new HMI technologies using an experimental Man-in-the-loop simulation and a task analytical evaluation. In the experiment a battery of existing and validated HF evaluation techniques will be used. To establish the sensitivity and reliability of the existing techniques in an industrial setting, they will first be applied to a current base-line glass cockpit by means of a simulator. The base-line data will also provide useful data for comparison with the new HMIs. At the end of the experiments the results will be compared with the results of the task analytical evaluation;
- give "lessons learned" about the new human-centred methodology for cockpit design Including QFD, HF driven process, cognitive modelling, battery of existing evaluation methods); this will be an important deliverable. BE97-4120

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

AIRBUS FRANCE SAS
Address
Route De Bayonne 316
31060 Toulouse
France

Participants (13)

Alenia Aerospazio Un'Azienda Finmeccanica SpA
Italy
Address
Corso Marche 41
10146 Torino
Alitalia Team s.p.a.
Italy
Address

00050 Roma
BAE SYSTEMS (OPERATIONS) LTD
United Kingdom
Address
267,Fpc 267
BS35 7QW Bristol
Construcciones Aeronauticas SA
Spain
Address
S/n,avda. John Lennon
28906 Getafe - Madrid
Design Quality Services Partnership
United Kingdom
Address
7,Turner Close
SG1 4AE Stevenage
Institut Européen de l'Ingénierie et des Sciences Cognitives
France
Address
10 Avenue Édouard-belin
31055 Toulouse
RISOE NATIONAL LABORATORY
Denmark
Address
Frederiksborgvej 399
4000 Roskilde
SAAB AB
Sweden
Address

581 88 Linkoeping
SMITHS AEROSPACE LTD.
United Kingdom
Address
Bishops Cleeve
GL52 4SF Cheltenham
STICHTING NATIONAAL LUCHT- EN RUIMTEVAART LABORATORIUM
Netherlands
Address
2,Anthony Fokkerweg 13
1059 CM Amsterdam
Secretary of State for Defence - Ministry of Defence
United Kingdom
Address
Iverly Road
GU14 6TD Farnborough - Hampshire
THALES AVIONICS SA
France
Address
Rue De Villiers 45
Neuilly Sur Seine
WESTLAND HELICOPTERS LTD.
United Kingdom
Address
Lysander Road
Yeovil, Somerset