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SEARCH FOR MATERIALS FOR AN ADVANCED COMPLETELY SOLID FUEL CELL.

Objective

DEVELOPMENT OF ELECTRODE AND PROTON CONDUCTOR ELECTROLYTE MATERIALS WHICH ARE STABLE AND CAN BE USED IN COMPLETELY SOLID FUEL CELLS HAVING A NEW, SIMPLIFIED DESIGN AT TEMPERATURES BETWEEN AMBIENT AND 300 C.

IN COMPARISON WITH EXISTING COMPLETELY SOLID FUEL CELLS OPERATING AT HIGH TEMPERATURES WITH ION CONDUCTIVE ELECTROLYTES, THE INNOVATIONS INHERENT IN A CELL OPERATING BETWEEN AMBIENT AND MEDIUM TEMPERATURES RESIDES IN A HIGHER THERMODYNAMIC EFFICIENCY AND LOWER COSTS.

THE MEDIUM-TEMPERATURE VERSION (200-300 C) WOULD FORM THE BASIS OF A CONVERSION SYSTEM WITH AN INTEGRAL REFORMER WHICH COULD BE USED FOR TRANSPORT (INDIRECT METHANOL CELL).

THE PROJECT ORGANISATION INCLUDES 1 PROJECT MANAGER, 3 PROJECT CO-ORDINATORS (ONE FOR EACH CONTRACTOR DK, F, AND UK), AND 3 PROJECT LEADERS (ONE FOR EACH OF 3 SUB-PROJECTS). DK IS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE TOTAL PROJECT CO-ORDINATION AND FOR THE REPORTING TO THE EEC.
- SUB-PROJECTS, TIME TABLE, ACTIVITY BREAK-DOWN, AND ORGANISATION.
CONTRACTORS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE MAIN PARTS OF THE WORK IN EACH SUBJECT AREA ARE LISTED AFTER THE SUBJECTE AS DK, F, OR UK. CONTRACTORS, WHO ARE ONLY RESPONSIBLE FOR A MINOR PART OF WORK IN EACH SUBJECT AREA, ARE LISTED AFTER THE SUBJECT AS (DK), (F), OR (UK).

SUB-PROJECT 1. DK, F EN3E0062-DK:
1. PREPARATION OF PROTON CONDUCTORS :
ALL THE MATERIALS WILL BE CHARACTERIZED VERY CAREFULLY BY THE FOLLOWING METHODS :
- CHEMICAL ANALYSIS
- PHASE ANALYSIS
- THERMOGRAVIMETRY
- CONDUCTIVITY MEASUREMENTS
- ELECTROCHEMICAL STABILITY ANALYSIS
2. LABORATORY CELL DESIGN :
- DETERMINATION OF MATERIAL
- STABILITY UNDER PROTON CONDUCTION FOR TEMPERATURE UP TO 300 CELSIUS DEGREES AND 200 BAR
- FABRICATION OF DENSE GAS HIGH PROTON CONDUCTING FILM
- EVALUATION OF ELECTROLYTE MATERIAL
- FABRICATION AND TESTING OF CELLS WITH SELECTED MATERIAL
3. FUEL APPLICATION AND ASSESSMENT STUDY.

SUB-PROJECT 2 EN3E0067-UK :
1. OXYGEN ELECTRODE. UK, (DK):
- THE INVESTIGATION OF SELECTED METALLIC OXIDES FOR BOTH STABILITY AND O2 REDUCTION ACTIVITY IN SOLID OR LIQUID ACIDIC ELECTROLYTES
- THE INVESTIGATION OF SELECTED TRANSITION-METAL MACROCYCLE COMPLEXES CHEMISORBED TO AN ACTIVE METALLIC SUBSTRATE FOR BOTH STABILITY AND O2 REDUCTION ACTIVITY IN SOLID OR LIQUID ACIDIC ELECTROLYTES
- THE INVESTIGATION OF SELECTED METALLIC SUBSTANCES THAT CAN ACT IN ACIDIC MEDIA AS BOTH STABLE AND ACTIVE SUPPORTS FOR CATALYTIC OXIDES AND/OR MACROCYCLE MOLECULES
2. FUEL ELECTRODE. F, (DK):
- CHOICE OF THE ELECTRODE COMPONENTS AND TESTS PARAMETERS (TEMPERATURE, PRESSURE) RESULTING FROM THE ELECTROLYTE NATURE
- MANUFACTURE OF THE CATALYST COMPOSED ESSENTIALLY WITH NOBLE METALS USED IN THE ELECTRODE DESCRIBED ABOVE
- INFLUENCE OF THE BINDER IF ANY, ON THE CURRENT COLLECTOR, THE CATALYST NATURE AND QUANTITY, AND ON THE ELECTRODE MANUFACTURE PARAMETERS.

SUB-PROJECT 3 EN3E0070-F:
1. LABORATORY CELL DESIGN IN TESTING. UK, F:
- FABRICATION OF LABORATORY CELLS. CELLS BASED ON PROTON CONDUCTORS FROM ALL THE CATEGORIES GIVEN IN SUB-PROJECT 1 AND EQUIPED WITH STANDARD, COMPOSITE ELECTRODES WILL BE FABRICATED
- DE-CONDUCTIVITY MEASUREMENTS IN THE APPROPRIATE TEMPERATURE RANGE AND ATMOSPHERE. ELECTROCHEMICAL EVALUATION OF PROTON ION CONDUCTORS
- INVESTIGATION OF INTERFACE PROBLEMS
- FABRICATION AND TESTING OF CELLS WITH SELECTED PROTON CONDUCTORS AND NON-STANDARD ELECTRODES
- POST MORTEM EXAMINATION OF CELLS.
2. FUEL CELL APPLICATION AND ASSESSMENT STUDIES. DK, (F), (UK):
- APPLICATION ASSESSMENT. AN ASSESSMENT WILL BE MADE OF THE TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION OF FUEL CELLS FOR VARIOUS APPLICATIONS. CONSIDERATION WILL BE GIVEN TO THE REQUIRED PERFORMANCE PARAMETERS FOR : STATIONARY APPLICATIONS AND TRACTION APPLICATION. COMPARISON WILL BE MADE WITH OTHER PROJECTED FORMS OF ENERGY CONVERSION AND STORAGE.
- FUEL CELL ASSESSMENT. THE TECHNICAL LITERATURE ON FUEL CELLS UNDER DEVELOPMENT THROUGHTOUT THE WORLD AS WELL AS RESULTS FROM THE PROJECT WILL BE MONITORED AND ASSESSED. A THERMODYNAMIC ASSESSMENT OF TOTAL HEAT MANAGEMENT INCLUDING REFORMER, ELECTROLYSIS, POWER CONDITIONING, AND FUEL CELL UNITS WILL BE CARRIED OUT.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

SORAPEC S.A.
Address
Rue Carnot 192
94120 Fontenay-sous-bois
France

Participants (2)

ERL
Denmark
Address

Odense
THE CHANCELLOR, MASTERS AND SCHOLARS OF THE UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD
United Kingdom
Address
Keble Road 1- Denys Wilkinson Building
OX1 3RH Oxford