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Content archived on 2024-04-15

ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT - OPTIMAL CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR REDUCING EMISSIONS FROM ENERGY PRODUCTION AND ENERGY USE.

Objective

AS A RESULT OF THE RAPID INCREASE IN FOREST DAMAGES IN MID-EUROPE, THE NEED FOR THE REDUCTION OF AIR POLLUTIONS FROM ENERGY CONVERSION AND ENERGY-END-USE TECHNOLOGIES BECAME AN IMPORTANT POLITICAL OBJECTIVE.

AIR POLLUTIONS ARE DITRIBUTED OVER LARGE DISTANCES PARTLY OVER SEVERAL THOUSAND KILOMETRES CROSSING SEVERAL BORDERS. ALL EUROPEAN COUNTRIES ARE BURDENED BY THE TRANSPORT OF AIR POLLUTIONS FROM OTHER COUNTRIES. THIS CLARIFIES THE FACT THAT ANY MEASURES TO REDUCE ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGES CAN ONLY BE EFFECTIVE IN AN INTERNATIONAL CONTEXT.

DUE TO THE COMPLEXITY OF THE ENERGY SYSTEM, ITS NUMEROUS INTERRELATIONS AND THE LARGE NUMBER OF TECHNOLOGIES AND MEASUREMENTS, WHICH IN PRINCIPLE ARE AVAILABLE TO REDUCE THE AIR POLLUTION EMISSIONS, THE ANALYSIS AND THE IDENTIFICATION OF EFFICIENT EMISSIONS REDUCTION STRATEGIES REQUIRE AN ADEQUATE METHODOLOGICAL INSTRUMENT. THE EXTENSION OF THE EXISTING EFOM 12C THAT DESCRIBES THE ENERGY SYSTEMS AT THE DIFFERENT EC COUNTRIES IN A VERY DETAILED FORM SEEMS TO BE A PROMISING STARTING POINT FOR THE ANALYSIS OF THE FOLLOWING PROBLEMS AND QUESTIONS :

- THE FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF AIR POLLUTION EMISSIONS.
- IMPACT OF FURTHER IMPROVEMENT OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND OF A POSSIBLE INCREASE OF THE MARKET SHARE FOR SOLID FUELS.
- EFFECTS OF EMISSION REDUCTION MEASURES AND POLICIES.
- COST-OPTIMAL EMISSION REDUCTION STRATEGIES.
- WASTE MANAGEMENT FOR THE FOLLOW-UP PRODUCTS.
- CONTRIBUTION OF INTERREGIONAL MEASURES.
The main importance is given to the oil subsystem although detailed descriptions are given of the oil subsystem, the gas subsystem and the hydrogen subsystem. For the unification of assumptions concerning the fuels used in the Federal Republic of Germany, it was agreed to have a uniform fuel characterisation. One of the major decisions was that the demand vector which should be used in the various scenario calculations should be based upon the calculations of the European Community study 'Energy 2000'. Major effort was put on the analysis of the database used in 'Energy 2000' and its comparison with more recent evaluations in the Federal Republic of Germany.
THE OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT IS TWOFOLD : DURING THE FIRST PHASE THE ENERGY MODEL EFOM DEVELOPED WITHIN THE EC-PROJECT ON "ENERGY SYSTEMS ANALYSIS" SHALL BE EXTENDED BY AN ENVIRONMENT -MODULE AND AS A PILOT STUDY THE MODEL WILL BE USED FOR AN ANALYSIS OF COST-OPTIMAL STRATEGIES TO REDUCE SO2-,NOX- AND DUST-EMISSIONS IN CONNECTION WITH ENERGY PRODUCTION AND ENERGY USE IN THE FRG. THIS FIRST PHASE OF THE PROJECT WILL BE CARRIED OUT BY THREE DIFFERENT INSTITUTES (IKE, IIP, STE), EACH PARTICIPATING ACCORDING TO ITS SPECIALISATION. THE PRESENT CONTRACT DESCRIBES THE PART OF THE GLOBAL WORK, TO BE DONE BY STE. STE WILL BE CHARGED WITH THE MODELLING OF THE ENERGY EXTRACTION OF DOMESTIC RESSOURCES, THE REFINERY SECTOR, AND THE TRANSMISSION AND STORAGE OF ENERGY CARRIERS. FURTHERMORE STE WILL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE PROJECTION OF THE FUTURE USEFUL ENERGY DEMAND.

DURING THE SECOND PHASE QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE INTERRELATIONSHIP OF "ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT" WILL BE STUDIED ON AN EUROPEAN LEVEL. A COOPERATION BETWEEN INSTITUTES IN SEVEN EC COUNTRIES WILL BE SET UP TO DEMONSTRATE THE USEFULNESS OF THE DEVELOPED MODEL.

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Coordinator

FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM JUELICH GMBH
EU contribution
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Address
WILHELM JOHNEN STRASSE
52425 JUELICH
Germany

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