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ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT - OPTIMAL CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR REDUCING EMISSIONS FROM ENERGY PRODUCTION AND ENERGY USE

Objective

AS A RESULT OF THE RAPID INCREASE IN FOREST DAMAGES IN MID-EUROPE, THE NEED FOR THE REDUCTION OF AIR POLLUTIONS FROM ENERGY CONVERSION AND ENERGY-END-USE TECHNOLOGIES BECAME AN IMPORTANT POLITICAL OBJECTIVE.
AIR POLLUTION ARE DISTRIBUTED OVER LARGE DISTANCES PARTLY OVER SEVERAL THOUSAND KILOMETRES CROSSING SEVERAL BORDERS. ALL EUROPEAN COUNTRIES ARE BURDENED BY THE TRANSPORT OF AIR POLLUTIONS FROM OTHER COUNTRIES. THIS CLARIFIES THE FACT THAT ANY MEASURES TO REDUCE ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGES CAN ONLY BE EFFECTIVE IN AN INTERNATIONAL CONTEXT.
DUE TO THE COMPLEXITY OF THE ENERGY SYSTEM, ITS NUMEROUS INTERRELATIONS AND THE LARGE NUMBER OF TECHNOLOGIES AND MEASUREMENTS, WHICH IN PRINCIPLE ARE AVAILABLE TO REDUCE THE AIR POLLUTION EMISSIONS, THE ANALYSIS AND THE IDENTIFICATION OF EFFICIENT EMISSIONS REDUCTION STRATEGIES REQUIRE AN ADEQUATE METHODOLOGICAL INSTRUMENT. THE EXTENSION OF THE EXISTING EFOM 12C MODEL THAT DISCRIBES THE ENERGY SYSTEMS AT THE DIFFERENT EC COUNTRIES IN A VERY DETAILED FORM SEEMS TO BE A PROMISSING STARTING POINT FOR THE ANALYSIS OF THE FOLLOWING PROBLEMS AND QUESTIONS :
- THE FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF AIR POLLUTION EMISSIONS.
-IMPACT OF FURTHER IMPROVEMENT OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND OF A POSSIBLE INCREASE OF THE MARKET SHARE FOR SOLID FUELS.
-EFFECT OF EMISSION REDUCTION MEASURES AND POLICIES.
-COST-OPTIMAL EMISSION REDUCTION STRATEGIES.
-WASTE MANAGEMENT FOR THE FOLLOW-UP PRODUCTS.
-CONTRIBUTION OF INTERREGIONAL MEASURES.
Energy technologies are reviewed in terms of economic data, technical information and, where possible, information about waste products. Data has been assembled using a large variety of sources in industry, government agencies, research laboratories and different reports.
THE OBJECTIVE OF THE PROJECT IS TWOFOLD : DURING THE FIRST PHASE THE ENERGY MODEL EFOM DEVELOPED WITHIN THE EG-PROJECT ON "ENERGY SYSTEMS ANALYSIS" SHALL BE EXTENDED BY AN ENVIRONMENT-MODULE AND AS A PILOT STUDY THE MODEL WILL BE USED FOR AN ANALYSIS OF COST-OPTIMAL STRATEGIES TO REDUCE SO2-, NOX- AND DUST-EMISSIONS IN CONNECTION WITH ENERGY PRODUCTION AND ENERGY USE IN THE FRG. THIS FIRST PHASE OF THE PROJECT WILL BE CARRIED OUT BY THREE DIFFERENT INSTITUTES (IKE, IIP, STE), EACH PARTICIPATING ACCORDING TO ITS SPECIALISATION. THE PRESENT CONTRACT DESCRIBES THE PART OF THE GLOBAL WORK, TO BE DONE BY IKE. IKE WILL BE CHARGED WITH THE MODELLING OF THE ENERGY USE IN THE RESIDENTIAL AND COMMERCIAL SECTORS AND THE ENERGY USE FOR TRANSPORTATION. AMONG THESE TECHNICAL TASKS IKE WILL BE RESPONSIBLE FOR THE OVERALL MANAGEMENT OF THE PROJECT.
DURING THE SECOND PHASE QUESTIONS CONCERNING THE INTERRELATIONSHIP OF "ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT" WILL BE STUDIED ON AN EUROPEAN LEVEL. A COOPERATION BETWEEN INSTITUTES IN SEVEN EC COUNTRIES WILL BE SET UP TO DEMONSTRATE THE USEFULNESS OF THE DEVELOPED MODEL.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

UNIVERSITAET STUTTGART
Address
31,Pfaffenwaldring 31
70569 Stuttgart
Germany

Participants (2)

FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM JUELICH GMBH
Germany
Address
Wilhelm Johnen Strasse
52425 Juelich
Universität Fridericana Karlsruhe (Technische Hochschule)
Germany
Address
Kaiserstraße 12
76131 Karlsruhe