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OPTIMAL CONTROL STRATEGIES FOR REDUCING EMISSIONS FROM ENERGY PRODUCTION AND ENERGY USE ON MULTINATIONAL LEVEL.

Objective

AS A RESULT OF THE RAPID INCREASE IN FOREST DAMAGES IN MID-EUROPE, THE NEED FOR THE REDUCTION OF AIR POLLUTIONS FROM ENERGY CONVERSION AND ENERGY-END-USE TECHNOLOGIES BECAME AN IMPORTANT POLITICAL OBJECTIVE.

AIR POLLUTIONS ARE DISTRIBUTED OVER LARGE DISTANCES UP TO SEVERAL THOUSAND KILOMETRES CROSSING SEVERAL BORDERS. ALL EUROPEAN COUNTRIES ARE AFFECTED BY THE TRANSPORT OF AIR POLLUTIONS FROM OTHER COUNTRIES. THIS EXPLAINS THE REASONS WHY ANY MEASURE TO REDUCE ENVIRONMENTAL DAMAGES CAN ONLY BE EFFECTIVE IN AN INTERNATIONAL CONTEXT.

DUE TO THE COMPLEXITY OF THE ENERGY SYSTEM, ITS NUMEROUS INTERRELATIONS AND THE LARGE NUMBER OF TECHNOLOGIES AND MEASUREMENTS, WHICH IN PRINCIPLE ARE AVAILABLE TO REDUCE THE AIR POLLUTION EMISSIONS, THE ANALYSIS AND THE IDENTIFICATION OF EFFICIENT EMISSIONS REDUCTION STRATEGIES REQUIRE AN ADEQUATE METHODOLOGICAL INSTRUMENT. THE EXTENSION OF THE EXISTING EFOM 12C MODEL THAT DISCRIBES THE ENERGY SYSTEMS AT THE DIFFERENT EC COUNTRIES IN A VERY DETAILED FORM SEEMS TO BE A PROMISING STARTING POINT FOR THE ANALYSIS OF THE FOLLOWING PROBLEMS AND QUESTIONS :

- THE FUTURE DEVELOPMENT OF AIR POLLUTION EMISSIONS,
- IMPACT OF FURTHER IMPROVEMENT OF ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND OF A POSSIBLE INCREASE OF THE MARKET SHARE FOR SOLID FUELS,
- EFFECT OF EMISSION REDUCTION MEASURES AND POLICIES,
- COST-OPTIMAL EMISSION REDUCTION STRATEGIES,
- WASTE-MANAGEMENT FOR THE FOLLOW-UP PRODUCTS,
- CONTRIBUTION OF INTERREGIONAL MEASURES.

IN THE CONTEXT OF THE "ENERGY AND ENVIRONMENT" PROBLEMATIC THE ENERGY SUPPLY MODEL EFOM 12C WILL BE EXTENDED TO ALLOW ADEQUATE STUDIES IN THIS FIELD. A GENERAL STRUCTURE OF THE EXTENDED MODEL WILL BE SET UP BY IKE, IIP AND STE. THIS GROUP WILL ALSO RUN A PILOT STUDY WITH THE GERMAN ENERGY SYSTEM TO DEMONSTRATE THE USEFULNESS OF THE EXTENDED MODEL.

THE PRESENT CONTRACT DEALS WITH THE APPLICATION OF THE MODEL FOR INVESTIGATIONS ON MULTINATIONAL LEVEL. TO PERFORM SUCH CASE STUDIES A COLLABORATION HAS BEEN ESTABLISHED BETWEEN INSTITUTIONS IN 7 EC COUNTRIES. THE ANALYSIS OF THE DANISH ENERGY SYSTEM AND THE MODEL RUNS FOR DENMARK WILL BE CARRIED OUT BY RISOE NATIONAL LABORATORY ACCORDING TO GENERAL SPECIFICATIONS IN ORDER TO GET A EUROPEAN PERSPECTIVE OF THE ENERGY-ENVIRONMENT PROBLEM..

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

RISOE NATIONAL LABORATORY
Address
Frederiksborgvej 399
Roskilde
Denmark

Participants (10)

CAMBRIDGE ENERGY RESEARCH
United Kingdom
Address

Cambridge
CITEPA
France
Address

Paris
Comitato Nazionale per la Ricerca e per lo Sviluppo dell'Energia Nucleare e delle Energie Alternative
Italy
Address
Viale Regina Margherita 125
00198 Roma
ESC ECN PETTEN
Netherlands
Edizioni Informatiche Ars Srl
Italy
Address
Via Grancini 4
30133 Milano
FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM JUELICH GMBH
Germany
Address
Wilhelm Johnen Strasse
52425 Juelich
UNIVERSITAET STUTTGART
Germany
Address
Holzgartenstrasse 17
70049 Stuttgart
UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN-LA-NEUVE
Belgium
Address

Louvain-la-neuve
UNIVERSITY OF LONDON
United Kingdom
Address

London
Universität Fridericana Karlsruhe (Technische Hochschule)
Germany
Address
Kaiserstraße 12
76128 Karlsruhe