The objectives of the MED20l0 proposal are to analyse the ways to integrate on a large scale solar and wind power for electricity production in the Mediterranean countries (both European shore and Southern shore). The expected results of the research are the analysis of RE resources, selection of sites using GIS for solar and wind power plants, elaboration of integration plans, assessment of the potential of green electricity trade and related CO2 emission rights and schemes for market development and financing of renewable energy power plants.
This would allow the integration on a large scale of solar and wind power for electricity production in the Mediterranean countries, in accordance with the objectives of the European Union and the Kyoto commitments. The Southern Mediterranean countries will be also studied in order to promote wind and solar power and thus to reduce CO2 emissions in these countries and also as a source of green electricity to be exported to Southern Europe.
The work accomplished by the partners within the framework of the project consists in the assessment of the existing resources and the analysis of sites for wind and PV projects using advanced software and GIS (KAMM Model, Wasp, Solargis, Laper, Elvira), training for the use of GIS, the development of wind atlases, the preparation of integration plans and the design of business plans in view of implementing the identified and studied projects. The analysis of institutional, regulatory and financial aspects of wind and PV programs in these countries as well as the new financial instruments available, such as the green certificates, are also of great importance to the study. For wind power, the economic potential of wind power have been estimated in Morocco (6,000 MW), Tunisia (1,000 MW), Egypt (10,000 MW, technical potential 100,000 MW) and Turkey (10,000 MW, technical potential 88,000 MW). Selected sites have also been analysed by Wasp and concerned wind farm potential projects totalling in Morocco (200 MW), Tunisia (150 MW), Egypt (130 MW) and Turkey (70 MW). Integration plans for the selected projects have been elaborated along with analysis of institutional and financial aspects.
For PV, because of its low rural electrification rate and high population, the Moroccan PV market is the biggest among the three countries studied in MED2010 (Morocco, Tunisia and Egypt). Indeed, the potential PV market in Morocco amounts 100,000 to 200,000 PV systems, from 6,000 to 15,000 PV systems in Tunisia and 4,500 in Egypt. Thus the integration plan elaborated for Morocco focused on a selected region representing a market of 9,500 PV systems; in Tunisia the target was 50% of the potential PV market, while in Egypt the integration plan concerned the total PV market potential. But despite high RE resources, MED2010 confirmed also the lack of adapted institutional frameworks for large scale integration of wind power and PV in the SEMCs and the need for specific financing schemes in order to the RE market to really develop in the Mediterranean region. This calls for further research and dialogue to deepen the work performed in MED2010 and really make things change. Further research is also needed for capacity building and training. A special attention should also be given to the new flexible mechanisms allowing financing of RE projects, such as the CDM, green certificates and the position of the different Mediterranean countries vis-à-vis the Kyoto Protocol, internalisation of external costs, etc.
Funding SchemeCSC - Cost-sharing contracts
06904 Sophia Antipolis
28700 San Sebastian Los Reyes