Objectives and problems to be solved:
AMONCO aims at the cost-effective utilisation of Biogas from the Anaerobic Digestion (AD) in Fuel Cells (FCs).
The precondition for the use of Biogas in FCs is the avoidance, or elimination respective reduction of detrimental trace gases, which are potentially harmful for FCs. Thus AMONCO has the following core objectives:
- Comprehensive Biogas analyses in quality and quantity on a detailed level - identifying harmful trace gases for FCs
- Avoidance of detrimental trace gases in Biogas through optimal composition of the feedstock
- Advanced controlling of the AD process to hinder the formation of trace gases while keeping a high CH4 yield
- Suitable and cost-effective Biogas Cleaning towards the utilisation in Fuel Cells
- Investigation and Assessment of the effects of Biogas in FCs through Single Cell tests
- Development of techno-economic implementation strategy for the candidate countries.
Description of work:
The proposed RTD-work is twofold: A knowledge based Decision Support Tool (software) with the capability to predict trace gases in dependence of the fermented substrates and a cost-effective Cleaning Process removing the significant trace gases must be developed. It starts with a comprehensive and systematic analysis of the AD process incl. fermentation tests at laboratory scale. The experiments have the purpose to provide consistent data series as the basis for the training of a neural network that is best suited for predicting trace gases in Biogas. While the first feature of the DST is to avoid trace gases from the start, the second feature is the ability to in-site control the AD-process towards lowest concentration of trace gases while keeping a maximum yield of CH4. Finally the DST will be continuously improved and validated at five industrially scaled Biogas plants. Also a cost-effective cleaning process at laboratory scale will be developed to remove trace gases such as halogenated hydrocarbons or siloxanes. The investigation of the effects of Biogas on the different FCs will be assessed through Single Cells test.
Expected results and exploitation plans:
The expected end results of the project are to achieve viable controlling of the AD-process through the DST and viable prediction of trace gases depending on the used biomass. Additional it is expected to develop cost-effective Biogas cleaning processes to remove trace gases and recommendations regarding the FCs Balance of Plant.
Intentions for the Use of results:
The dissemination activities and deliverables are intended to target three dissemination levels having different impact for implementation: scientific community, industrial players and public bodies/authorities. One focus lies on the identification of key market barriers for the implementation of RTD results into competitive markets and the formulation of strategies to overcome identified barriers.
Funding SchemeCSC - Cost-sharing contracts
33929 Frieres - Langreo