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Experiments and simulations for improvement and validation of behaviour models of forest fires.

Objective



The EFAISTOS project constitutes the first part of the Europran behaviour model for forest fire, taking into account the lower layers of the forest fuels. This three year long project has three main objectives:
- the design and the development of an improved physical model, - the validation of this model by comparison with experimental results and bynumerical simulation,
- the design and the development of a Problems Solving Environment whichregroups all the tools which are necessary to design, to develop and tovalidate this model.
The specificity of this project is to associate very tightly (i) an experimental approach with laboratory experiments and experimental fires carried out in the forest, and (ii) a more theorrtæcal approach which tries to take into account all the phenomena which occur during the combustion process.
The improved physical model will be constitued with the elements selected from the existing physical models which have been validated and with the elements selected from the model based on the "multiphase flow" approach which will be designed and developed in the frame of this project. The experiments will be carried out with the forest fuels, resineous and broadleaves species, the most largely present in the Mediterranean communities. During this project, (i) the most modern instrumentation, particularly infrared sensors, (ii) the most recent single-phase and multiphase flows theories, (iii) the most advanced numerical solutions and source codes writings methods, (iv) the most efficient computer techniques to obtain a convenient Problems Solving Environment, will be largely used.
Divided in ten tasks, the research activities will be developed in experimental tasks (TO2, TO3, TO4), validation tasks (TO5, TO9) modelling tasks (TO6, TO7, TO8, TO9). The research tasks TO1 and T10 will insure the coherence of all the project.
This project regroups searchers from France, Denmark, Greece, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain and Australia. It regroups foresters, physicists, fluid dynamicists, applied mathematicians and computer scientists.

Coordinator

INSTITUT NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE AGRONOMIQUE
Address
20,Avenue Antonio Vivaldi 20
84000 Avignon
France

Participants (10)

Association pour la Recherche et le Développement des Méthodes et ProcessusIndustriels - ARMINES
France
Address
Avenue Claude Daunesse
06904 Sophia Antipolis
Danish Institute of Fire Technology
Denmark
Address
48,Datavej
3460 Birkerød
Ecole Nationale des Ponts et Chaussées
France
Address
2004,Route Des Lucioles
06902 Sophia Antipolis
INSTITUTO SUPERIOR TECNICO
Portugal
Address
Avenida Rovisco Pais, Pav. Mecanica 1-2°
1049-001 Lisboa
Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria
Spain
Address
Km 7,Carretera De La Coruña
28040 Madrid
NETHERLANDS ORGANISATION FOR APPLIED SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH - TNO
Netherlands
Address
63,Oude Waalsdorperweg 63
2509 JG Den Haag ('S-gravenhage)
National Agricultural Research Foundation
Greece
Address

57006 Vasilika - Thessaloniki
University of New South Wales
Australia
Address

2052 Sydney
Université de Nice - Sophia Antipolis
France
Address
98,Boulevard E. Herriot
06204 Nice
Université de Provence, Aix-MarseilleI
France
Address
Avenue Escadrille Normandie Niemen
13397 Marseille