The complexity of water-related problems in the Mediterraneous countries (with more frequent climate changes than in the rest of Europe) is scalating as the uses of water and the (environmental and others}objectives to be fulfilled continue to expand. Most of the easier structural solutions for greater water resources utilisation have already been implemented and new projects, including interbasin transfers, find some opposition in the society. In these circumstances the need for a rational water resources planning is becoming stronger than ever as a result of the impact of the changes in the general climatic conditions and the increasing demand of the water resources using.
The ability to help the decision maker on Water Resource Systems (WARS) planning in practice depends on the sophistication of the tools and techniques available. The WARSYP (WARS Planning) project will remedy the inadequacies of the tools currently available by developing a hydrologic Modelling framework and a Decision Support System to help the planning of large systems currently considered intractable and, so, to narrow the gap between the problem description modelling and the problem policy decision making.
The problem consists of WARS planning under uncertainty on climate and hydrological exogeneous inflow and demand for a set of inter-related basin systems along a given planning horizon.
The project addresses the improvement of better quality (better utilisation, lower costs) and efficiency (shorter response time) in WARS planning through better hydrologic modelling and decision support system implementations. It will have a direct bearing on the WARS management agencies' assignment of water resources to the requirements of the different uses, by operating significant demand savings and minimising the degradation in quality of both water environment and natural environment associated with its use.
A fundamental objective of the WARSYP project is to assess the degree of systems' reliability, to determine the risk of significant water deficiencies even over very extended areas, and to determine the structural works and management changes that should be performed to mitigate the consequences of disastrous drought out events.
The WARSYP product can also be used for a water shortage risk diagnostic and prevention and, then, to locate the risk of anomalous losses in the surface and groundwater systems, assessing the drought vulnerability of the individual sources and demand nodes, locating the works that could mitigate the most serious consequences, and defining the necessary legislative, organizational and financial tools. For this purpose hydrological and hydrogeological research, will be carried out along the project, at least in some sample areas of particular interest to define the currently available water resources and possible time trends that modify their capacity and vulnerability in qualitative as well as quantitative terms.
Funding SchemeCSC - Cost-sharing contracts