The aim of the project TEMRAP is to develop an integrated methodology on multi-hazard and global risk assessment, on the basis of different experiences carried out in several European countries on natural disasters. The project will be mainly focused on the identification of natural hazards, profile hazards, evaluate their potential consequences, and mapping/zoning data on a GIS based system. The approach will be undertaken at regional scale in Western Italy (macrozoning) and refined in the urban area of Genoa (microzoning).
These objectives will be achieved by the following steps:
- investigating scale of hazard representation for different typologies of natural events and defining a common standard of presentation in order to avoid connection conflicts;
- investigating physical and physiographic characters of the territory (e.g. lithology, topography); developing inventory and susceptibility maps and defining possible triggering factors of the several natural hazards affectig the test areas;
- investigating the relationship among different
natural hazards (induced hazards) (inventory maps and susceptibility maps and defining possible triggering factors);
- developing historical catalogues of natural disasters of the test area; - analysing and modelling climate change effects on frequency and distribution of natural hazards; application will be developed, if possible to susceptibility maps and natural hazard maps;
- developing a macrozoning multi-hazard map (expected events in defined return periods at regional scale) by using GIS technology;
- developing a microzoning multi-hazard map (site response) by using GIS technology, for selected element of the case study;
- investigating and mapping the environmental consequences of industrial accidents caused by natural hazards (Na-Techs);
- identifying and mapping socio-economic exposed elements (e.g. industry; utilities; work force; population; cultural heritage);
- identifying and mapping socio-economic/vulnerability factors and severity/vulnerability relationship;
- to assess risk in terms of social and economic factors by using GIS technology (at regional scale and at site scale);
- developing strategies and options for a sustainable development of the territory reducing the effects of natural disasters (mitigation).
With respect to the current state of-the-art above mentioned, this project represents the first European case study considering exhaustively the process of sustainable development of the territory under the light of integrated approach to natural hazards. Understanding natural hazard trends with respect to climate change will also highly contribute to the definition of policies and strategies for mitigating the impact by national, regional and local authorities; similarly, also private sectors will benefit from the result of the project, like insurance and re-insurance companies that are afraid of a concentration of natural hazards in a narrow range of time.
Funding SchemeCSC - Cost-sharing contracts
10135 Torino (Turin)