The proposed project meets the requirements of the ECC tender concerning the Research and Development of the Environment and Climate Programme (1994-1998), and considers especially the forest fire problem (Theme 2, Area 2.3., Paragraph 2.3.4.).
Ordinary water remained the extinguishing agent the most commonly used in the forest fire fighting, but in some cases the water was not sufficient to suppress a fire. Progressively, the introduction of the fire retardant use increased significantly the effectiveness of the solution in the aerial fire fighting.
A recent international seminar in Crete (October 1995) has shown the disagreement that exits between fire managers about the effectiveness and cost efficiency of the retardant use.
The proposed studies will be carried out jointly in three european countries, namely Greece, Portugal and France. Partners of various origins are gathered for this work research with a complementary expertise in many fields: research laboratories, operational entities and a SME. The work will be divided into three main lines as follows:
- Analytical method and chemometrics tests for assessing the physicochemical characteristics of the retardant products.
- Real size tests of aerial delivery system, data analysis and generation of a dropping model, this computerized tool will correlate the rheological properties of a retardant and its impact on ground.
- Development of a new foam application technique by the use of a Foam Generating Helicopter.
The purpose of the project "ACRE" (Additifs Chimiques Rheologie Evaluation) is to improve the use of fire retardants and to give the operationals scientific and technical criteria for their retardant selection. The final aim is to better the forest fire suppression capabilities.
Funding SchemeCSC - Cost-sharing contracts
73100 Hania - Crete