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ELECTRA is an umbrella project which encompasses 10 applications and services aiming to build a foundation for the use of telematics technologies for education and training. ELECTRA strives to facilitate the integration and growth of telematic services in teaching and learning. Thus, ELECTRA is a joint effort by the 4 ALMA universities from 3 countries, Germany, The Netherlands and Belgium. The project enables participating students, tutors and researchers, home-learners and small and medium sized enterprises (SME), medical practitioners and hospitals in the EU region of Meuse-Rhine to access advanced education and training materials to provide them with the necessary skills and experience required to work confidently and comfortably with a varied set of information technologies. ELECTRA is a complex set of services and applications which relies on a mix of some of the most advanced and sophisticated possibilities in current information and communication technology. This includes hybrid technologies such as the combined use of ISDN high-speed digital networks, 2-way cable infrastructure (CaTV), enhanced existing research networks and asynchronous transfer mode high-speed data switching technologies (ATM). With this kind of modern infrastructure, the intention of ELECTRA is to implement and develop the use of these technologies for education and training from within universities as well as from homes, offices, and hospitals.
A system was designed using a client-server configuration. This enables a student at a remote location to log on to the server and request an examination. Subsequently a test will be drawn from a large database with short cases and questions. These cases are authentically described and questions are aimed at essential decisions only. The test will then be encrypted and compressed and sent to the remote location, where it will be decompressed and decrypted. A specially designed interface will then present the cases and the questions to the student, using multimedia when appropriate. Students' answers are stored and sent back to the server for marking and scoring. Finally the score and feedback is sent to the student. Since this is used for high stakes testing, much attention has been paid to easy-to-use safety procedures and usability of the programmes. The system seems applicable to all situations where people are educated in a discipline that requires a problem-solving ability, and where students follow parts of the curriculum at remote sites.
MOBILE has developed a distance learning course in the area of services and protocols for digital mobile radio networks according to the GSM standard. The course makes use of multimedia materials that support the users' learning of specific complex subjects. The course is delivered via the Internet. The MOBILE electronic course gives learners the opportunity to control their on learning pace, while at the same time being able to consult peers and tutors through an electronic forum. The main features available in the course are as follows: · the course is offered via the Internet (World Wide Web) and can therefore be used by students in different countries on any computer platform; in order to provide a better overview, the course content, i.e. the lecture texts, is subdivided into several learning topics and learning units; multimedia resources such as spoken texts, animation and video sequences are integrated in the appropriate course pages to support learning of specific subjects of higher complexity. The electronic course enables users to perform self-tests on specific learning units/topics; supporting features such as glossary, on-line help and full-text search engine are integrated; electronic support is to be provided via e-mail or newsgroup discussion forums;i

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