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Integrated concept for groundwater remediation

Objective

Problems to be solved
Groundwater pollution in industrialised sites is a general problem in a variety of European cities. Most of them are located in river basins and use groundwater for water supply from local shallow aquifer systems. Within the last decades changes in land use and ownership have resulted in complex contamination patterns, such as heterogeneous distribution of contaminants, different contaminants and large subsurface areas. Industrial development and the need for groundwater conservation are in acute conflict. Today, large amounts of private and public money are spent to identify and assess point sources of contamination without being able to reliably quantify their impact on the groundwater quality; numerous remediation schemes are operated without an economical evaluation of their long-term performance. Throughout Europe numerous guidelines and directives exist at the national level, focussing on the characterisation and evaluation of individual sites - but none of the approaches is applicable to industrial regions as a whole. The INCORE approach supports the revitalisation of urban industrial land inline with the Aalborg Charter of European Cities and Towns Towards Sustainability. Major impacts deriving from contaminated land are groundwater contamination and restrictions to land use. INCORE emphasises the sustainable use of groundwater resources in line with the key objectives of EU water policy.
Scientific objectives and approach
INCORE aims at providing a cost-efficient technical-administrative set of tools to optimise investigation, evaluation and management of contaminated groundwater and land in urban industrial areas, considering regional aspects such as complex land-use patterns, land-use specific contamination and the extent of urban industrial areas. This will allow the revitalisation of groundwater resources and soil in these areas. Innovation of current scientific, technical, economic and administrative methodologies will be tackled.
INCORE focuses on the development and partial implementation of an new approach to contaminated land assessment and revitalisation in urban industrial areas comprising three cycles:
(a) the investigation of groundwater contamination emission at the scale of entire sites,
(b) the evaluation of the contamination source zones and
(c) the development of emission oriented remediation strategies. The major advantage of the new approach is that the number of sites to be considered is reduced within each cycle. Furthermore cost-effective revitalisation measures could be implemented based on the level of tolerable groundwater emissions. To achieve the projects goals following deliverables have been defined which will deliver the necessary methods/tools for the implementation of the new cyclic approach: Application strategies and recommendations for investigation of contaminated groundwater and land in industrialised urban areas. Methodology for optimal selection, combination and application of innovative remediation technologies. Recommendations to harmonise, improve and accelerate administrative work with respect to PPP-Models in the integral abatement of water pollution from contaminated land, landfills and sediments in Europe.
Expected impacts
INCORE will develop new technical and administrative tools under real-world conditions to provide an important basis for the development of future EU directives on contaminated land assessment. Economic impact of revitalisation process is expected by providing incentives for new business settlements in traditional "brownfields" avoiding the settling down in "green field" areas. The public authorities will be given the chance to solve negative site aspects, improve and regain the quality of life and environment in urban areas by achieving and maintaining regional groundwater at high quality, supporting the sustainable use and conservation of regional groundwater resources, and furthermore sustainable develop their city.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts
Leaflet | Map data © OpenStreetMap contributors, Credit: EC-GISCO, © EuroGeographics for the administrative boundaries

Coordinator

UW-UMWELTWIRTSCHAFT GMBH
Address
Friolzheimer Strasse 3
70499 Stuttgart
Germany

Participants (9)

Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières
France
Address
15,Rue Du Tanin 15
67834 Tanneries
COMMUNAUTE URBAINE DE STRASBOURG
France
Address
Place De L'etoile 1
67070 Strasbourg
COMUNE DI MILANO
Italy
Address
Piazza Del Duomo 21
20121 Milano
FEDERAL ENVIRONMENT AGENCY REPRESENTING THE FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF AUSTRIA
Austria
Address
5,Spittelauer Lände 5 Groupe Iv - Environmental Tech
1090 Wien
INSTITUTE FOR ECOLOGY OF INDUSTRIAL AREAS
Poland
Address
Ul. Kossutha 6
40 833 Katowice
POLISH GEOLOGICAL INSTITUTE
Poland
Address
Rakowiecka, 4
00-975 Warszawa
POLYTECHNIC OF MILAN
Italy
Address
Piazza Leonardo Da Vinci 32
20133 Milano
THE UNIVERSITY OF TUEBINGEN
Germany
Address
17,Sigwartstrasse 10
72074 Tuebingen
UNIVERSITE LOUIS PASTEUR, STRASBOURG 1
France
Address
Rue Boussignault 2
67083 Strasbourg