The project objective is to analyse the sustainability of irrigated agriculture in Europe in the context of post Agenda 2000 CAP Reform and of the Water Framework Directive. Sustainability must be understood in its three dimensions: economic impact (farm income), social impact (direct labour and rural development) and environmental impact (water consumption, fertiliser.). Both institutions make necessary a broad analysis of the future or European irrigated agriculture. Nowadays these irrigated agriculture system need to be re-evaluated in term of sustainability, instead of the old profitability conception, taken into account, its multi-functional dimension. We will combine qualitative and quantitative analysis, and will implement a diffusion and discussion forum based upon internet technologies from the very starting point of project and using as much as possible FADN data and reviewing publication.
Work package A: Set up scenarios framework for WATER POLICY: A1) Analysis of technology and physical structure of irrigation in Europe. A2) Laws and Institutions at national level analysis: water legal status, prices of water, markets of water, supplier companies and institution, structure investment funding, etc. A3) Analysis of European water policy (current situation, Directive proposal for water and normative related with the Environment). The report obtained lead to recommendations to aim to support the design and implementation of European policy. A4) Selection of set of indicators according ODCE guidelines The aim is the selection of a limited number of parameters that can be fed into the models that will be development under the WADI project, in order to evaluate the impact of different policy scenarios on irrigated agriculture and, indirectly, on the environment. A5) Prospective DELPHI analysis.
Work package B: Set up POST AGENDA-2000/WTO scenarios B1) Agenda 2000 impact on irrigated agriculture: Farming systems affected by the reform, impact on irrigated crops profitability, crops areas changes, evolution of employment generation, water consumption, fertilisers and pesticides uses, etc. B2) Global evolution of agriculture: irrigated products balance sheet in the following years, Agenda 2000 adjustments, WTO millennium round development, new Commission reform proposal, etc. B3) Combination of Agricultural and Water Policies Scenarios. This document replaces to the prospective Delphi Analysis, that we planned to obtain at the beginning of the project, but due to the important difficulties associated to it, we have decided to reach the same result by other path.
Work package C: Combines both analysis and produce 10 year scenarios.
Work package D: To define representative irrigated areas in each country D1) Descriptive analysis of irrigated Europe. Our previous experience shows that we may define four types of irrigated systems. D2) Analyse and define areas. We define different irrigated areas based in the following criteria: type of cropping pattern, technical characteristics of the system, management systems. D3) Analysis of selected areas and definition of representative farms. Finally, representative farm of the elected areas have been defined.
Work package E: Model representative farms in the selected areas E1)Define 2/4 representative farms by each of the selected areas in each country E2)Methodological definition of Mathematical Programming Technique.
Work package F: STATIC ANALYSIS F1) To set up parameters and define model. It is important to establish the relevant parameters for the model, thinking specially in the policy-testing objective. So attributes related to economics impact (income, gross margin, etc.), social Impact (employment generated, income distribution, etc.) and environmental impact must to be quantified in order to apply sustainability indicators. The most difficult attribute to integrate in the models is the complete environmental impact but we used OCDE suggestion as starting point for analysis. F2) Validation.
Work package G: DYNAMIC ANALYSIS. To define mathematical models of representative farm applying the methodology developed in the previous work package in order to have a satisfactory image of real systems. This model should be able to integrate evolutional behaviour or farmers along the time. G1) To set up parameters and define model. The relevant attributes for F1 are considered for dynamic model in the same way G2) Validation.
Work package H: Model exploitation and result analysis. To analyse the results obtained by the used of the quantitative models developed above. The point of view of the analysis has been to test the sustainability of the different farming systems in each of the descriptive irrigated areas in the Union H1) Economic Analysis: short term and long term. H2) Social analysis: short term and long term. H3) Environmental analysis: short term and long term. Work package I: Extrapolation of microanalysis to regional analysis. To assess the impact of foreseeable scenarios in the different regions in the EU.
Work package J: EUROPEAN WORKSHOPS. Two objectives: 1. To help diffusion of the results obtained in the scientific management and policymakers community. 2. To produce feedback with external experts that will improve the quality of the results. For the seminars, some European experts were invited, although any other contributions were accepted. All these contributions have been included in proceedings documents: .Proceeding 'Future for irrigation. A qualitative workshop'. .Proceeding 'Future for irrigation. A quantitative workshop'. Work package K: FINAL REPORT It is descriptive summary supported by software available from web (www.uco.es/grupos/wadi) and free for use by European community. Work package L: DIFUSSION (See list of publications)
Funding SchemeCSC - Cost-sharing contracts
MK45 4DT Silsoe,bedford