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Simulations, observations and palaeoclimatic data : climate variability over the last 500 years

Objective

SOAP will establish the capability of state-of-the-art European climate models for simulating climate changes over the past 500 years. The project will explore and quantify the model responses to natural and anthropogenic forcing on regional and global scales. SOAP will construct climate data sets, including seasonal temperature, precipitation, atmospheric circulation and sea level, with local to hemispheric coverage. These will be a combination of instrumental, historical and rigorously calibrated palaeoclimate proxies. The characteristic variability contained in these data sets will be compared with the output of the forced and unforced climate models. By integrated analyses of the simulated and reconstructed climates, we will evaluate the credibility of these climate models, identify externally-forced climate signals, and re-assess climate change detection results that are currently based on untested model estimates of natural variability.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts
Leaflet | Map data © OpenStreetMap contributors, Credit: EC-GISCO, © EuroGeographics for the administrative boundaries

Coordinator

UNIVERSITY OF EDINBURGH
Address
West Mains Road Kings Buildings
EH9 3JW Edinburgh
United Kingdom

Participants (6)

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE
France
Address
Rue De L'argonne 3
67083 Strasbourg
FREIE UNIVERSITAET BERLIN
Germany
Address
Carl-heinrich-becker-weg 6-10
12165 Berlin
GKSS - FORSCHUNGSZENTRUM GEESTHACHT GMBH
Germany
Address
Max-planck-strasse 1
21502 Geesthacht
SECRETARY OF STATE FOR DEFENCE - MINISTRY OF DEFENCE
United Kingdom
Address
Fitzroy Road, Metz Office
EX1 3PB Exeter
UNIVERSITE DE DROIT D'ECONOMIE ET DES SCIENCES D'AIX-MARSEILLE III
France
Address
Europole De L'arbois
13545 Aix-en-provence
UNIVERSITY OF BERNE
Switzerland
Address
12,Hallerstrasse 12
30123012 Bern