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AGRICULTURE AND EMPLOYMENT IN THE RURAL REGIONS OF THE EU

Objective



The continuous reduction of agricultural employment may have large consequences for the viability of rural regions - especially when the share of agriculture in total employment is high - unless sufficient alternative jobs can be provided.
The changing role of agriculture in rural areas is further enhanced by new migration flows from urban areas to rural areas and by policy changes. Partly due to the difficulties with overproduction, the CAP considers farmers now both as producers of food and as managers of the countryside. Besides, the emphasize in EU policies is moving towards regionalization and integration of existing policy measures. For rural areas these policies may emerge into an approach of an integrated rural policy. Such an approach implies that agriculture is seen as indissolubly linked with the other sectors of the rural economy.
In order to assess the possibilities of an integrated rural policy, insight in the interactions of agriculture with the other economic sectors, policies, the environment and landscape is necessary. In this project these interactions are analysed from the employment perspective.
The objectives of the study are:
(1) analysis of the development of employment in the rural regions of the EU against the background of a downward trend in the agricultural labour force
(2) in-depth analysis of the interaction process of the local agricultural actors, other economic actors and policy makers in selected EU rural regions, which succeeded in maintaining or augmenting employment opportunities during the past decade;
(3) examination to which extent policies and strategies for maintaining employment opportunities in successful rural regions offer a perspective fo rural regions, in which employment has declined.
In the first part of the project regions with increasing and decreasing employment opportunities are identified and an analysis is made of the socioeconomic situation in those regions. In the second part the interaction process of the local agricultural actors, other economic actors and policy makers is examined in regions which succeeded in maintaining or augmenting employment opportunities during the past decade. In the third part it is assessed to which extent the story of these "successful regions" can serve as an example for regions lagging behind and which inputs for an integrated rural policy can be recommended.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

D.L.O.
Address
P.o. Box 29703
2502 LS The Hague
Netherlands

Participants (8)

AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY OF ATHENS
Greece
Address
Iera Odos Str., 75
118 55 Athens - Votanikos
FIN-AUGUURI OY LTD.
Finland
Address
Sarpaniemi
72300 Vesanto
I.N.R.A.
France
Address
Centre De Grignon
78850 Thiverval-grignon
STUDIEN ZUR LAENDLICHEN ENTWICKLUNG UND UMWELT -- FORSCHUNGS- UND BERATUNGSBUERO VON MEYER
Germany
Address
Obere Bahn Straße, 6
21465 Wentorf (Hamburg)
UNIVERSIDAD DE BARCELONA - FUNDACION EMPRESA I CIENCIA
Spain
Address
Campus De Bellaterra - Edifici B
08193 Bellaterra (Barcelona)
UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN
Belgium
Address
Place Croix Du Sud, 2 - P.o. Box 15
1348 Louvain-la-neuve
UNIVERSITY OF RESOURCE SCIENCES
Austria
Address
Gregor-mendel-straße, 33
1180 Vienna
Università degli Studi di Ancona
Italy
Address
Via Birarelli 21
60121 Ancona