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PRODUCTION AND MARKETING OF TIMBER IN EURPE - EVALUATION AND DEVELOPMENT OF THE LOGGING-PROCESSING-MARKETING CHAINS IN FIVE COUNTRIES AND PRACTICAL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE BEST SOLUTIONS

Objective



There are two main system for marketing and production of timber in Europe :

1. Logging of tree-length, secondary haulage to a bucking terminal at the mill
and bucking in order, often in 0.5-metre modules. The typical case : Central
Europe;

2. Logging of shortwood, haulage to the pulp- and sawmills, sorting and
sawing, often in 0.3-metre modules. Typical case : Nordic countries.

In system 1, the timber are usually produced to customer specifications in on-line
order systems, whereas in system 2 standardised products are produced which find
customer mostly after final conversion. One reason for the diversity of production
systems is the distance to the end user. In system 1, most of the customers are
close to the mill, whilst, in system 2, the customers are often far away in other
countries. The diversity of market structures may be explained by the ratio of
exports and imports, traditional trading practices and different product application.

The aim of the project is to develop and enhance the efficiency of timber
production and timber trade in Europe by jointly introducing new information and
processing technology on a broad scale throughout the wood chain and by
incorporating successful features from one country in the development of the
industry in another. The advances in relation to the current state of the art would
be to introduce and improve, wherever possible, fully mechanised and computerised
harvester technology in the Union. The harvesters will optimise the timber output
according to end use, and in the most advanced cases, operate them on line with
the industry using optimising software from the present tree length terminals
systems. Support systems to find out the market needs, the optimal stand for
every type of demand and the best grading system according to end use, will also
be developed.

The following activities will take place : Detailed descriptions of the most common
marketing and production systems within the Union today as background platform.
Developing of methods and routines to put synthetizise market signals or orders to
demand tables for the harvesters. Development of inventory routines for small and
large stands. Storage of inventory data in databases and search for desired stands
according to all variables involved. Evaluation of grading systems with respect of
correlation between outer characteristics and grade of the sawn goods.

Nordic harvester technology will be evaluated for use in Austria, England and
Germany. In Sweden and Finland on-line order systems will be tested where a
number of harvester are operating directly against specific industry demands.
Results from the trials will be evaluated and proposals for practical implementation
of the most significant results will be set up. Finally strategies for implementation
will be settled.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

Stiftelsen Skogsbrukets Forskningsinstitut
Address
Glunten
751 83 Uppsala
Sweden

Participants (3)

ALBERT-LUDWIG-UNIVERSITÄT FREIBURG
Germany
Address
Werderring, 6
79085 Freiburg
UNIVERSITY OF HELSINKI
Finland
Address
Unioninkatu, 40 B - P.o. Box 24
00014 Helsinki
University of Aberdeen
United Kingdom
Address
St Machar Drive
AB9 2UD Aberdeen