Principal characteristics of the facility and of the support offered to users:
Creation of the Environmental Flow Research Centre (EnFlo) was begun in 1993 and the laboratory is unique worldwide in the range of atmospheric conditions that can be simulated in its facilities. In particular, the two major rigs - a large wind tunnel and a towing tank, both equipped with sophisticated instrumentation - allow modelling of conditions in which the density variation with height is an important parameter in determing the nature of the flow and of pollutant dispersion with it. Typical projects already completed or under way include, for example, studies of the generation, development and propagation of internal gravity waves by hills or mountains, gas plume dispersion from ground level or elevated releases, building wakes in stable atmospheric conditions and hazard assessment for accidental gas releases around complex plant. Many projects involve researchers from other institutions in the UK.
EnFlo's objectives include the maintenance of a high quality laboratory for the study of problems in the general area of environmental fluid mechanics. The present proposal aims to allow availability of these facilities to the wider European Community and thence to maximise their potential for scientists working on specific problems relating to fluid flow and dispersion in the world's atmosphere, oceans, lakes and rivers. We anticipate hosting visiting scientists across a range of specialisms, from fundamental meteorology (on mesoscale and urban scales) to environmental technology (e.g. dispersion of pollutants and assessment of risks).
Quantity of access being offered and number of users who may benefit Quantity of Access being offered
Unlike many TMR facilities, the nature of the experimental rigs at EnFlo is such that only a relatively few major projects can be completed in any one year. It is anticipated that up to four projects by EU scientists will be accommodated annually, each of which would entail some 4-6 weeks of rig time. Over two years, this represents about 375 man-days spent at EnFlo, involving some 15 scientists and students.