Principal characteristics of the facility and of the support offered to users:
Future development in Europe must be based on environmental concern where European marine areas are in focus. Kristineberg Marine Research Station (KMRS) is the largest field station for marine research in Sweden. It is also one of the oldest marine stations in the world with long traditions to house visiting scientists, and a well established net-work. Today it is one of Europe's most modern marine research laboratories with unique, large facilities for experimental work and for keeping organisms alive for long periods. The station is located . just at the seaside of a wind-protected bay in the Gullmarsfjord, which is a nature reserve, and with easy access to both coastal and off-shore marine habitats. These habitats include steep rocks, deep basin sediments, and sand and mud flats. For most European standards, the | water quality is excellent with two rather distinct water-masses, one brackish originating from the Baltic at the surface and one oceanic from the North Sea at greater depths. The habitat diversity creates conditions for a very high biodiversity in a rather restricted area. The research at Kristineberg is vivid with a high international reputation, at present focusing on marine ecology including environmental research (eutrophication, ecotoxicology). Marine under-water techniques are frequently used and developed at KMRS. The station also attracts many visiting researchers in medicine. Two research vessels and modern scientific equipment and analytical instruments are available in modern laboratories. Kristineberg is located 1.5 hours from Gothenburg, where Gothenburg University is situated with its marine profile in research and teaching. The decision process is short and informal.
Quantity of access being offered and number of users who may benefit: - Access to all KMRS facilities, e.g high standard laboratories and experimental rooms, offices, auditorium, research vessels, etc. to the amount of approximately 25% of total capacity over the period of 3 years.
- Access to accommodation and subsistence.
- The number of researchers who would benefit from the above access is estimated to 40 persons a year, or 120 over the full period of 3 years.