In the present phase, in all European countries and areas interested by migratory processes (of both old and new migration), phenomenons of increasing changes both in social and cultural life and in labour markets structures are registred.
Consequently, there is an urgent need of a critical, substantial revision of interpretative patterns and approaches produced in the past (even recent), in migratory studies. In other words, the entire scientific production in this field in the last fifty years should become object of research itself, starting from its own multidisciplinarity in the training of young researchers. The in-depth study of basic processes of social transformation is a basis both to research-action and technological research.
The European political context has also changed, affecting migratory policies. The new geographic and symbolic European Union identity - as it seems to emerge by the Maastricht Treaty and the Schengen Accord texts- has moved its own frontieers towards peripheral countries, which find themselves obliged to manage border, reception and integration politics in front of the pressure of migratory flows (this need will grow, as integration augments amongst State members of the Union). These countries migratory experience (as receiving countries) is recent and has developed in a contradictory manner, both in migratory policies and social practices in front of immigrants.