The European Union is the result of a long on-going process of co-operation and integration between states. In this process, member states have been gradually delegating part of their sovereignty to independent institutions that represent the community interests as much as the national and citizenship interests. As an institutional structure, the European Union is a good instrument to achieve the aims it pursues, aims such as stimulating economic and social progress, confirming the European identity in the international sphere, shaping a single European citizenship, and developing a context for liberty, security and justice.
Yet, the European Union is still a fragile structure that faces problems of articulation and justification as far as it represents an effort to reconcile different systems, interests, values, and cultures. This process of integration opens the door to new intellectual challenges that legal philosophy -as a discipline that reflects and elaborates on our legal and social institutions- explains and evaluates.
The three projected PhD Euroconferences aim at exploring these challenges and assessing their impact within three fundamental fields that usually concentrate the attention of legal philosophy: political philosophy, legal theory, and ethics. The first conference focuses on the globalisation phenomenon and its consequences for both the subsistence of democracy and the maintenance of cultural diversity in Europe. The second conference analyses which challenges the integration of different legal systems into a single European law poses to the judiciary, the institution responsible for the application of the European law. Finally, the third conference intends to subject our institutions and the phenomenon of scientific progress to an ethical reflection focused on the problems of genetic research and poverty.