As materials become more complex, qualitatively new forms of collective behaviour become possible that are called "Emergent Properties". Examples of such behaviour include magnetism, high-temperature superconductivity and the fractional quantum Hall effect. The study of the organizing principles that govern these new forms of behaviour emerging in matter is one of the cutting edge frontiers of condensed matter physics. Astonishing progress has been made in this field during the past three years, including the discovery of a new Mosfet method to electronically dope insulators. With this new method, insulating carbon-60 crystals and cuprate antiferromagnets have been continously transformed into high temperature superconductors. This period has also seen a dramatic growth of interest in the role that quantum phase transitions play in transforming material properties and out-of-the blue, a new 42K metallic superconductor has been discovered.
These new developments reflect a tremendous vitality; they also present us with a huge need to develop new theoretical understanding that will further the discovery and future application of emergent materials. The key to advances in this area lies in the understanding of strong electron correlations and developing new techniques and concepts in the area of many body physics.
The Charter of this workshop is to bring together cutting edge researchers - theoretial and experimenal condensed matter physicists - in the area of emergent quantum materials: systems such as heavy fermion, oxide metals and high temperature superconductors. There will be a strong emphasis on pedagogy and bringing young researchers into the fold of current research in this area. European Community funding is requested to enable us to bring a wide number of young European physicists and research workers to a workshop, which will be largely financed by the International Center for Theoretical Physics, at Trieste.