The proposal is for a Summer School of 10 days' duration (8 full working days), entitled: Migration in the Euro-Mediterranean Area: Demographic, Economic, Legal, Political and Social Dimensions. International migration is a key dimension of the construction of a peaceful and prosperous Euro-Mediterranean area. What motivates migration - the search for more material welfare, political freedom, or physical security signals particular features of the sending countries, such as pressures exerted by mal-development or rising insecurity, or strategies for integrating into the world economy through labour mobility and networking.
It also signals the existence of differentials between sending and receiving countries, in terms of economic conditions or political situation. Finally, it signals the availability of routes from departure to arrival countries, whether through legal procedures or illegal channels. Migration is major factor of change. In sending countries, emigration can promote a wide range of transformations, from the various economic impacts of expatriate workers' remittances, to the emergence of new middle classes, the reinvention of identities and the diffusion of alternative models and behaviours, including political ideals and the various ways through which diasporas can influence politics in home countries.
In receiving countries, immigration can also prompt changes in areas such as demographic growth, the balance of the labour market and employment, social welfare, security, integration of ethnic diasporas and religious communities. It may also lead to the adaptation of legal provisions or to new political debates. Lastly, international migration is a component of international relations. Regulating movements across borders, containing trafficking, redefining citizenship and protecting identities in situations of trans-nationalism, and bargaining about the global benefits of migration through co-development policies have all become matters for international negotiations. While governments retain the power to define their own migration policies and to control immigration, agencies from civil society or the international community are playing an increasing role.