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Prevention of asbestos-related diseases in Hungary, Estonia and Kar elian Republic of the Russian Federation

Objective


Foreseen Results

The impact of this project include the significant reduction of asbestos-related diseases in the future as well as the preservation of human resources and scientific knowledge that have been acquired over the years in the participating CCE/NIS countries.
This project aims to improve the safety in the use of asbestos, to evaluate the extent of health risks and to establish diagnostic criteria for asbestos-related diseases in three CCE/NIS countries. The proposed joint research of the six leading national institutes supports directly several technical, medical and administrative actions of prevention. Monitoring and inspection activities are strengthened as well as general awareness of the health risks associated with asbestos at workplaces and in the environment.

A total of 300 buildings are inspected for asbestos-containing materials in Budapest, Tallinn and Pedrozavodsk. The methods of sampling and analysis are introduced by training courses and practical exercises. As a result, the participating experts can draft national guidelines for appropriate safety measures according to EU regulations and practices.

During two years, a series of 500 lung cancer cases will be interviewed for smoking habits, work history and asbestos exposure. Altogether 50 lung tissue samples will be collected from these three areas, analyzed by electron microscopy and compared with reference values in respect to mineral type and level of asbestos fibers. The lobar distribution of tumor origin will be used as another independent measure of probable exposure to asbestos. Expectedly, about 10 to 20 pleural or peritoneal mesotheliomas are found during the clinical examinations. The mesothelioma diagnoses will be verified and its annual incidence can serve as an indicator of asbestos exposure at a nationwide or regional level.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

FINNISH INSTITUTE OF OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
Address
Topeliuksenkatu 41 A
00250 Helsinki
Finland

Participants (5)

ESTONIAN INSTITUTE OF EXPERIMENTAL AND CLINICAL MEDICINE
Estonia
Address
42,Hiiu 42
0016 Tallinn
Justus Liebig Universität - Giessen
Germany
Address
129/Iii,aulweg
35385 Giessen
Karolinska Institute
Sweden
Address

141 57 Huddinge
National Institute of Occupational Health
Hungary
Address
2,Nagyvarad Ter
1450 Budapest
Research Public Health Institute - Ministry of Health of Russia
Russia
Address
11,Dobrolubov Street
127254 Moskva