The project aims to increase knowledge on the sustainable supply, use and quality improvement of selected species of bamboo in SE Asia. Emphasis is placed on the use of bamboo in higher technology products, whilst recognising the abundance of knowledge on craft and traditional uses of bamboo in the region.
The main objectives of this research are :
* To develop improved management and sustained use for bamboos in SE Asia.
* To determine the influence of management practices on basic culm properties.
* To optimise the processing and performance of higher technology bamboo products based on 'improved' raw material.
* To disseminate the information to user groups.
The project will create an integrated body of information on raw material production, culm quality and product performance, for selected bamboo species in SE Asia. It should lead to the establishment of a quality assessment for 'improved' culm material from silviculturally treated stands, develop the use of molecular markers for early selection of superior genotypes based on desired 'quality' traits and in novel approaches to technological processing of bamboo. Higher technology applications of bamboo they are likely to benefit from improvements in the quality of the raw material supply through silviculture. The results will be disseminated by information packages, dissemination events in SE Asia, via INBAR and through publications.
The key activities envisaged are :
* Assessment of the effect of fertiliser and other management (e.g. mounding) on the productivity and stand quality of natural stands of Gigantochloa scortechinii, Dendrocalamus pendulus and Gigantochloa apus in comparison with controls.
* The influence of management practice on culm properties e.g. density, maturation (cell wall thickening, lignification), fibre/ground tissue ratios, internode length will be determined. Molecular markers (PCR and RAPD) will be used to study the degree of genetic variability in natural stands.
* Determination of the effect of raw material quality on the properties of higher technology products e.g. laminates, parquet, panel products and fibre products.
* Assessment of the natural durability and effectiveness of preservative treatments (including novel approaches such as heat treatment) for the resistance of culm raw material and laminates/composites against biodeterioration. Field trials will be established in SE Asia and EU and durability and performance will also be assessed in accelerated laboratory tests.
Funding SchemeCSC - Cost-sharing contracts
52109 Kepong /Kuala-lumpur
4031 Los Banos