According to the latest estimate of the United Nations, the World's urban population is expected to increase from 2.76 billion in 1995 to 5.34 billion in the year 2025 at which time more than half (2.72 billion) will reside in Asian cities. Three cities in South-East Asia were selected which represent different levels of urbanization, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, Cagayan de Oro, Philippines, and Vientiane, Laos. All these cities are expected to boom in the near future or are already booming besetting them with nearly insurmountable problems such as employment for often fairly educated migrants from rural areas, proper disposal of an abundance of refuse from households, commerce and industry by safe means and sufficient supply of cheap but nutritious food rich in vitamins and minerals to feed the population of these expanding urban centres.
Through improvement of management, structure and functioning of urban agroecosystems by reduced soil erosion, maintenance of soil fertility, limited pollution of soil and water, increased water use efficiency and availability of appropriate plant material, urban agricultural production resources will be utilized in a better and more sustainable way. This will result in a year-round supply of clean and affordable vegetables rich in vitamins and micronutrients for the urban populations and improve the quantity and quality of raw material for the local food processing industry.
Through analysis of the economic, sociological, and anthropological situation of urban and periurban communities and small and medium-sized farm enterprises (SMEs) in and in the vicinity of these cities the different factors and constraints affecting and limiting the potential for vegetable production by SMEs will be evaluated and prioritized.
Research institutes from the Philippines, Vietnam and Laos, assisted by partners from Germany and France, will introduce and develop production technologies that fit the socio-economic and anthropological situation in the different urban communities in the three Asian partner countries.
This will be in particular organic fertilization produced from city waste (initiated in Philippines), suitable plant protection methods using beneficial organisms and biopesticides (initiated in Vietnam), as well as appropriate water management technologies for dry and rainy season (initiated in Laos).
A private Philippine plant breeding company will contribute seeds of different vegetable cultivars adapted to the climate of the tropical lowlands and with resistance/tolerance to prevalent diseases for evaluation at the different project sites.
Seed collection and breeding will be done to further increase the quality of the plant germplasm.
Integrated pest management techniques will be developed for vegetables produced in the special urban and periurban environment to protect farmer, environment and consumer.
Funding SchemeCSC - Cost-sharing contracts
8703 Manolo Fortich
70000 Ho Chi Minh City
9000 Cagayan De Oro City