The state of the Aral Sea and the surrounding lands constitutes one to the worst environmental disasters that the world has ever seen. As the lake has shrunk, as a re-salt of increasing diversion of Amu-Darya and Syr-Darya rivers for irrigation, various types of salts have precipitated on its former bed. Because most of these salts are sub-jest to wind erosion, the exposed bed of the Aral has become the major source of salt and dust storms in the region. Salt in the atmosphere being condensation nuclei have an impact on world climate and thus the problem becomes of Worland European concern. The objective of the project is to investigate the causes of disastrous desertification in the Aral Sea Region aiming to elaborate recommendations for the most effective remedial actions to be taken to combat desertification. The project methodology includes a) monitoring of the land, river and sea parameters being considered as key indicators of desertification and to contribute towards establishing a data information system b) modelling development to obtain an mathematical tool to understand Aral desertification process and to set upon environmental management of this basin.
Funding SchemeCSC - Cost-sharing contracts
33730 Erdemli - Icel