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Desertification in the aral sea region : a study of the natural and anthropogenic impacts.

Objective

The state of the Aral Sea and the surrounding lands constitutes one to the worst environmental disasters that the world has ever seen. As the lake has shrunk, as a re-salt of increasing diversion of Amu-Darya and Syr-Darya rivers for irrigation, various types of salts have precipitated on its former bed. Because most of these salts are sub-jest to wind erosion, the exposed bed of the Aral has become the major source of salt and dust storms in the region. Salt in the atmosphere being condensation nuclei have an impact on world climate and thus the problem becomes of Worland European concern. The objective of the project is to investigate the causes of disastrous desertification in the Aral Sea Region aiming to elaborate recommendations for the most effective remedial actions to be taken to combat desertification. The project methodology includes a) monitoring of the land, river and sea parameters being considered as key indicators of desertification and to contribute towards establishing a data information system b) modelling development to obtain an mathematical tool to understand Aral desertification process and to set upon environmental management of this basin.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

UNIVERSITE DE LIEGE
Address
Place Du Vi Août 17 - Bèt B5
4000 Liege
Belgium

Participants (8)

CENTRAL ASIAN SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH INSTITUTE FOR IRRIGATION
Uzbekistan
Address
Karasu-4, 11
700187 Tashkent
MARINE HYDROPHYSICAL INSTITUTE - UKRAINIAN NATIONAL ACADEMY OF SCIENCE
Ukraine
Address
2,Kapitanskaya Street 2
335000 Sevastopol
MIDDLE EAST TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY
Turkey
Address

33730 Erdemli - Icel
MOSCOW STATE UNIVERSITY
Russia
Address
Vorobilevy Gory
119899 Moscow
P.P.SHIRSHOV INSTITUTE OF OCEANOLOGY - RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
Russia
Address
23,Krasikova Street 23
117851 Moscow
P.P.SHIRSHOV INSTITUTE OF OCEANOLOGY - RUSSIAN ACADEMY OF SCIENCES
Russia
Address
Nakhimovsky Pr. 36
117851 Moscow
TASHKENT INSTITUTE OF ENGINEER FOR IRRIGATION AND AGRICULTURAL MECHANIZATION
Uzbekistan
Address
Kary-niazov Street 39
700000 Tashkent
UNIVERSITY OF SOFIA KLIMENT OHRIDSKI
Bulgaria
Address
James Bourchier Street 5
1126 Sofia