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Integrated Radar, Flight Plan and Digital Video Data Fusion for SMGCS

Exploitable results

Intervuse is a project funded by the EC to support a new direction in surface movement ground control system (SMGCS) solutions, which is cost-effective, innovative, and suitable to fill blind spots in the SMGCS technology developed so far. Air traffic management today faces two major bottlenecks in the capacity of manageable traffic load: - Limited airspace usage caused by restricted airways and corridors instead of free flight - Limited traffic throughput on ground caused by insufficient technical support with ground control systems. For these reasons, the EC has sponsored a number of projects to improve European airspace and traffic management infrastructure and to increase worldwide competitiveness. Objectives include - Provision of a low-cost solution for SMGCS by combination of radar tracking, flight plan processing and digital video processing (capable of integrating with SMR), which makes SMGCS affordable and thus available to a broader range of airports. - Provision of a scalable package of VBED and VSDF to cover blind spots in a total SMGCS. - Analysis of downgrading of digital video processing for various weather and light conditions with an online quality control and analysis module. - Combination of new sensors (digital cameras) into multi-sensor data fusion for SMGCS. - Combination of Discrete Kalman Filtering (DKF) - based tracking techniques with: - video processing with virtual detectors, - event state vector extraction algorithms, - positioning techniques, - state vector quality determination and error propagation, - state vector accuracy/reliability probability estimation. Provision of an intelligent tool / system solution to support safe transportation at airports. The project was approached in different steps: - the development the system architecture and technical requirements and the overall system design for both test sites, -software development, preparation of sites, integration at site,tests at site. The project results indicate that Intervuse technology can achieve most of the performance requirements of a Surface Movement Radar (SMR). Specifically, the strengths of the system are: - no radiation, - lower cost, - provision of video, - higher update rate. Video cameras can provide a useful contribution to airport surveillance and that the technology developed in Intervuse project has the potential to be a gap-filler to complement Surface Movement Radar (SMR).