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Advanced combustion and gasification of fuel blends and diagnostics of alkali and heavy metal release

Objective



Objectives
Studies and tests with different industrial wastes will be performed in order to gain detailed knowledge about the occurrence, handling and upgrading of textile and plastic wastes.
Fuels will be prepared and blended from different fractions derived from waste sorting for gasification and combustion with hard coal, brown coal, lignite, peat, biomass, etc., in order to study the environmental impact.
Alkali evaporation leads to significant problems in power plant operation: corrosion, fouling or plugging of pipes, valves and eventually also turbomachinery. These problems are even more pronounced when biofuels or waste-derived fuels are fired.
Technical Approach
The following main items will be addressed:
- Determination and characterization of industrial wastes with regard to physical and chemical characteristics and methods for fuel preparation (sorting, separation, shredding, grinding, etc.) in ecologically and economically sound ways.
- Upgrading and blending with coal, variation of coal/waste ratios and supply to the partners performing the combustion/gasification tests of representative fuel blends from wastes and coal.
- Determination of logistic and economic principles of fuel blend preparation (transport, storage, location for the preparation facilities). - Residue Valorization Concepts.
- Alkali Sensor Market Study.
- Alkali diagnostics measuring campaigns and evaluation.
- Techno-Economic Assessment Studies.
Expected Achievements and Exploitation
There is strong interest on the part of the industrial users in exploiting the results to obtain an environmentally compatible, low cost, high quality fuel and, on the part of industrial producers, in proving the operability of the fuel blends and finding new markets. The techno-economic studies will give information on the marketing possibilities. The commercial interests with respect to marketing, design and production of the fuel blends lie with the waste producer and fuel blend manufacturers. Deliverables of the alkali diagnostics component are hardware and software: improved analyzers, components and techniques, data, conclusions and methods for online alkali measurements. The detailed know-how obtained during the measuring campaigns thus will be immediately exploited by technology developers and will be of benefit in commercialization.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

Deutsche Montan Technologie-Gesellschaft für Forschung und Prüfung mbH
Address
61,Franz-fischer-weg
45307 Essen
Germany

Participants (21)

A. Ahlstrom Corporation
Finland
Address

48601 Karhula
Brandenburgische Technische Universität Cottbus
Germany
Address
17,Karl-marx-strasse
03013 Cottbus
Bruno Fechner GmbH & Co KG
Germany
Address
40,Frydagstrasse
44536 Lünen
Centro Tecnológico das Indústrias Téxtil e do Vestuário de Portugal
Portugal
Address
Quinta Da Corredoura
6200 Covilha
Deutsche Montan Technologie-Gesellschaft für Forschung und Prüfung mbH
Germany
Address
61,Franz-fischer-weg
45307 Essen
Deutsche Montan Technologie-Gesellschaft für Forschung und Prüfung mbH
Germany
Address
61,Franz-fischer-weg
45307 Essen
INSTITUTO SUPERIOR TECNICO
Portugal
Address
Avenida Rovisco Pais, Pav. Mecanica 1-2°
1049-001 Lisboa
INTERNATIONAL FLAME RESEARCH FOUNDATION
Netherlands
Address
Wenckebachstraat 1, 3G-25
1970 CA Ijmuiden
Imperial Chemical Industries Plc
United Kingdom
Address
Drungans
DG2 8LU Drungans - Scotland
KEMA NEDERLAND BV
Netherlands
Address
Utrechtseweg 310
9035 Arnhem
Kóhnert & Tränkner Messsysteme GbR
Germany
Address
240,Annaberger Stra?e 240
09125 Chemnitz
LUND UNIVERSITY
Sweden
Address

221 00 Lund
RUHR-UNIVERSITY BOCHUM
Germany
Address
150,Universitatsstrasse 150
44780 Bochum
RWE Energie AG
Germany
Address
Kruppstr. 5
45128 Essen
Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Germany
Address
Im Neuenheimer Feld 253
69120 Heidelberg
Tampere University of Technology
Finland
Address

33101 Tampere
Thyssen Schachtbau Kohletechnik GmbH
Germany
Address
166-168,Wannerstrasse
45888 Gelsenkirchen
UNIVERSITY OF ULSTER
United Kingdom
Address
Cromore Road
BT52 1SA Coleraine
University of Göteborg
Sweden
Address
3,Kemigaarden
412 96 Göteborg
Vereinigte Energiewerke AG
Germany
Address

12681 Berlin
Westfälische Wilhelms - Universität Münster
Germany
Address
9,Wermelingerstrasse
48147 Münster