The main objective of the project is to analyse energy technology and accompanying policy of the European Union by using advanced energy system models emphasising on technology evolution dynamics. The project aims at providing new insights for the EU energy and RTD strategy in the perspective of climate change and acidification targets. It will focus on the interactions between policy instruments and technology evolution, in the presence of growing market competition and uncertainty. In its scope, the project mainly considers the EU policy dimension (with special emphasis on burdensharing implications across countries and on the global position of the EU), but fully includes a world dimension, as well.
Within its research component, the project intends to fully specify, and develop in all models involved, a common methodology for endogenous energy technology evolution mechanisms.
The project involves PRIMES that formulates energy market competition in the EU covering all memberstates, MARKAL for selected countries that operates under the global system optimisation hypothesis, the world-wide MESSAGE modelling system (which has already experimented with endogenous learning by doing mechanisms) and POLES simulating the operation of energy markets across the world regions. A horizontal role is also envisaged for the SAFIRE model, regarding micro-simulation of new energy technology diffusion.
The involvement in the project of all the major energy models that exist in Europe emphasises the importance given to the objectives of the project, but also serves for two other purposes: first, it allows for economies of scale in the research (modelling and data) regarding the innovative work on endogenising technology dynamics; second, it allows for comparisons and synergy, as the models are, complementary in policy analysis, concerning in particular the geographical coverage and the need to consider the EU issues in a world-wide context.
The project will address the main strategic issues that are currently at the core of EU policy: future choices for power generation including small-scale generation, long term prospects for renewables and fuel cycles, the energy efficiency gap, the impact of policy instruments (including fiscal instruments, subsidies, standards, RTD policy), the world market prospects.
The project also involves a separate activity regarding the use of the PRIMES and POLES models to cover specific policy analysis needs at the level of the Commission. Additionally, yearly updates of a baseline scenario for Europe will be provided. The main assumptions of this scenario will be decided in collaboration with the EnR network, so as to establish communication between the modelling work and the policy decision centres.
Funding SchemeCSC - Cost-sharing contracts
SN13 9TZ Corsham
3000 Louvain / Leuven