Skip to main content

External costs of energy conversion - improvement of the externe methodology and assessment of energy-related transport externalities

Objective



The supply and use of energy imposes risks and causes damage to a wide range of receptors, including human health, natural ecosystems (flora and fauna) and the built environment. Such damages are to a large extent external costs, as they are not reflected in the market price of energy. The existence of external effects in the energy and transport sectors may cause welfare losses and a non-optimal allocation of resources. The internalisation of environmental externalities, which is an important element of EU environmental policy strategies, requires the identification, quantification and monetisation of the external effects.

For the electricity generation sector a methodology for externality quantification was developed within previous phases of the ExternE project. The main feature of this methodology is the modelling of impact pathways. Within the ExternE Transport I Project the ExternE methodology was extended to energy-related impacts of the transport sector, accounting for the considerable differences between the transport sector and the energy sector. However, the uncertainities in the estimation of external costs of energy conversion from both stationary plants and transport are large; furthermore some issues are not sufficiently solved yet and new knowledge has qrisen that has to be integrated into overall framework. So, further methodological improvements is necessary.

The work programme of the present proposal is grouped into two sections:
ExternE Core and ExternE Transport. In ExternE Core issues of general interest for the impact assessment of both, stationary and mobile energy conversion techniques will be addressed, including global warming impacts, ozone impacts, exposure-response models, monetary valuation, sustainability indicators and validation. The results of these tasks will feed into the transport activities of this proposal as well as into National Implementation activities, which are addressed in a separate proposal.

ExternE Transport focuses the issues in the context of the transportation sector. Methodological improvements will include dispersion modelling on the kerbside scale, the extension of life cycle analysis work, the harmonisation of country-specific emission factors and the development of a methodology taking into account the specific issues of aircraft transport. A computer tool for local assessment of transport impacts will be developed. Furthermore externality data will be aggregated, taking into account particularly the needs of the policy case studies.

it is expected that at the end of the project major remaining issues in the current ExternE methodology (e.g. global warming and ozone impacts) will be solved and that the transport accounting framework and the respective tools will be developed so that the framework is ready for broad dissemination and application. Hence, the transport accounting framework and tools will support activities on different aggregation levels as e.g.

- assessing transport techniques in different areas (urban or regional transport),

- analysing single European transport tasks in order to compare different transport systems,

- providing a methodology for supporting the application of environmental policy instruments in the transport sector,

- "green accounting" at the national and European levels.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

UNIVERSITAET STUTTGART
Address
Hessbruehlstrasse, 49 A
70565 Stuttgart
Germany

Participants (15)

AEA TECHNOLOGY PLC
United Kingdom
Address
329,Harwell 329
OX11 0QJ Didcot,harwell,chilton
ASSOCIATION POUR LA RECHERCHE ET LE DEVELOPPEMENT DES METHODES ET PROCESSUS INDUSTRIELS
France
Address
Rue Claude Daunesse "Les Lucioles"
06904 Sophia Antipolis
Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnolgicas
Spain
Address
22,Avenida Complutense
28040 Madrid
Commission of the European Communities
Spain
Address
S/n,isla De La Cartuja S/n
41092 Sevilla
Det Norske Meteorologiske Institutt
Norway
Address
70,Allégatan 70
5007 Bergen
ENCO ENVIRONMENTAL CONSULTANTS AS
Norway
Address
20A,løkketangen 20A
1327 Lysaker
Energia Ekono Oy
Finland
Address
4,Tekniikantie 4
02150 Espoo
Eyre Energy Environment
United Kingdom
Address
7 Abbotsgate
LA6 2JS Cumbria
GERMAN AEROSPACE CENTRE
Germany
Address
Muenchener Strasse 20, Oberpfaffernhofen
82234 Wessling
INSTITUTE OF OCCUPATIONAL MEDICINE LTD
United Kingdom
Address
Roxburgh Place 8
EH8 9SU Edinburgh
NATIONAL TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF ATHENS
Greece
Address
9,Heroon Polytechniou 9 Zographou Campus
15780 Athens
NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL
United Kingdom
Address
Edinburgh Research Station Bush Estate
EH26 0QB Penicuik
UNIVERSITY OF BATH
United Kingdom
Address
Claverton Down
Bath
VITO - VLAAMSE INSTELLING VOOR TECHNOLOGISCH ONDERZOEK NV
Belgium
Address
200,Boeretang 200
2400 Mol
VRIJE UNIVERSITEIT AMSTERDAM - VERENIGING VOOR CHRISTELIJK WETENSCHAPPELIJK ONDERWIJS
Netherlands
Address
De Boelelaan 1115
1081 HV Amsterdam