The application of fuel cells for road traction using methanol as a fuel requires compact, cheap reformers to convert methanol to hydrogen. A major effort is needed to develop such reformers.
The objective of this project is the development of a compact methanol reformer to produce hydrogen-rich gas as fuel for a low temperature fuel cell (proton exchange membrane fuel cell type) to be used for road traction.
The tasks are concentrated on :
- Investigating the production of a hydrogen-rich gas with a low CO content based on a heterogeneous catalytic system with a high dynamic stress stability in a mobile system.
- Developing a catalytic burner to use the anode flue gas (low hydrogen content) as a heat source for the endothermic methanol reforming process.
- Design and basic engineering for a compact reformer integrated with the catalytic burner utilizing off-gases from the anode, with methanol as fuel, adapted to the boundary conditions of a mobile system with a PEM-FC and an electric motor for vehicles (15-20 kWe) Main topics are (Haldor Tops e, DK and KFA Jülich, DE) :
- the calculation of balances concerning the reformer and CO conversion as a part of the total system;
- reformer, in particular reformer and CO reforming catalysts; - gas treatment; - catalytic burner; - compact reformer.
Funding SchemeCSC - Cost-sharing contracts