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Traction batteries for electric and hybrid vehicles

Objective

In order to ensure vehicle traction battery reliability at the bench-test stage, the performance characteristics and life-time of available batteries will be determined using a common European qualification procedure. Evaluation of futuristic battery systems will be carried out at the laboratory stage or in a feasibility study, with the aim of identifying and providing guidance on the most suitable traction-batteries for electric and hybrid vehicle applications.
Results of previous project JOUE-CT91-0084: A common European qualification procedure defining parameters and life-cycle tests for available traction batteries was defined. Testing began on high temperature, alkaline and lead-acid battery systems of around 10 kWh energy capacity. Prototype Zinc-Bromine and Nickel-Metal-Hydride systems were studied at the laboratory stage. A comprehensive study of the literature on advanced batteries was prepared.


The project is a co-operative effort of eight European car manufactures within the framework of the Joint Research Committee (JRC) and six independent test/research institutes, both parties being interested in the promotion of electric cars as a possible solution to pollution. The programme intends to compare the different traction-battery technologies, which may be suitable as power sources for electric or hybrid cars.
Life-cycle bench tests on lead-acid, high temperature and alkaline batteries started in contract JOUE-CT91-0084, will be continued and extended to further available systems. Additional feasibility studies and tests of new concepts such as Lithium systems, Nickel-Metal-Hybride vehicle batteries, fuel-cells and supercapacitors are planned.
Battery systems chosen for further consideration will also be considered from the economical environmental, manufacturing and supply viewpoints, thus giving a clearer picture of the total business-related aspects of the technology in order to support investments decisions of both vehicle and battery manufacturers.

Coordinator

BMW BAYERISCHE MOTOREN WERKE AG
Address
Petuelring 130 Bmw Haus
80788 Muenchen
Germany

Participants (15)

BMW TECHNIK GMBH
Germany
Address
Hanauer Strasse 46
80788 Muenchen
CATELLA GENERICS AB
Sweden
Address
22,Veddestavsgen 7
175 62 Jaerfaella
CENTRO RICERCHE FIAT S.C.P.A
Italy
Address
50,Strada Torino, 50
10043 Orbassano
CESI CENTRO ELETTROTECNICO SPERIMENTALE ITALIANO GIACINTO MOTTA SPA
Italy
Address
Via Rubattino 54
Milano
Daimler-Benz AG
Germany
Address
Epplestraße 225
70567 Stuttgart
ERA TECHNOLOGY LTD
United Kingdom
Address
Cleeve Road
KT22 7SA Leatherhead, Surrey
Ente per le Nuove Tecnologie, l'Energia e l'Ambiente (ENEA)
Italy
Address
Via Anguillarese 201
00060 Roma - Santa Maria Di Galeria
GIE PSA Peugeot Citroën
France
Address
Route De Gizy
78140 Vélizy-villacoublay
Gesellschaft für Praktische Energiekunde EV
Germany
Address
Am Bl
München
INSTITUT FUER SOLARE ENERGIEVERSORGUNGSTECHNIK E.V
Germany
Address
Koenigstor 59
Kassel
REGIENOV - RENAULT RECHERCHE ET INNOVATION
France
Address
Avenue Du 18 Juin 1940 9-11-
92500 Rueil-malmaison
Rover Group Ltd.
United Kingdom
Address
Fletchamstead Highway Canley
CV4 7AL Coventry
VOLVO TECHNOLOGY (CORPORATION)
Sweden
Address
9,Dept.6000, Pvh31
405 08 Goeteborg
Volkswagen AG
Germany
Address

38440 Wolfsburg
Zentrum für Sonnenenergie- und Wasserstoff-Forschung
Germany
Address
Helmholtzstraße 8
89081 Ulm