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Dynamic of Matter Transfer and Biogeochemical Cycles: Their Modelling in Coastal Systems of the Mediterranean Sea

Objective



Objectives:

The project Metro-Med aims to study and model the key processes of matter transfer (exchange and storage) and the biogeochemical cycles in the coastal zone system.

Contents:

The functioning of the coastal environment, the factors that control the inflow and the transfer of matter in the marine ecosystem and the fluxes between the different compartments of the coastal zone (mixed zone fresh water/saline water, normal marine water, benthic nepheloid layer (BNL), bottom sediment) will be studied. The estimation of the environmental capacity of the coastal zone regarding the anthropogenic inputs mainly from the rivers, and the understanding and description of the main processes controlling the cycles of organic carbon, nutrients and trace elements in the coastal environment will be approached.

These processes will be studied in two sites in the Mediterranean Sea:
a) Thermaikos Gulf in Northern Greece;
b) Gulf of Lions in Southern France.

The project is structured in five main tasks:
Task 1: the processes of matter transfer in the fresh/salt water interface;
Task 2: the transfer of suspended particulate matter and the resuspension processes in the shelf environment;
Task 3: biogeochemical cycles;
Task 4: data management, GIS, socio-economic approach;
Task 5: synthesis and integration of results of mechanistic modelling, prognostic modelling and field and laboratory measurements - feasibility assessment of model transfer.

The linking between the study of the natural processes and the socio-economic development will be approached, too. The various hydrodynamical models, available to the participants in the corresponding tasks, will be extended so that matter transfer and biogeochemical processes at the appropriate spatial and temporal scales will be included.

Technical approach:

For the implementation of the scientific objectives, "conventional" methods and "conventional" equipment, advanced techniques (for laboratory and field experiment) as well as new observational and sample technology will be used. The processes of matter transfer and of the biogeochemical cycles will be described with process-based models. Modelling will be implemented in conjunction with a data base - data management system and with the use of GIS-techniques.

Achievements:

It is aimed to produce new environmental data, to use all the existing and available data and to model the processes of matter transfer and the biogeochemical processes in the coastal environment.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

National Centre for Marine Research
Address

16604 Athens
Greece

Participants (16)

ASSOCIATION POUR LA RECHERCHE ET LE DEVELOPPEMENT DES METHODES ET PROCESSUS INDUSTRIELS
France
Address
Rue Claude Daunesse "Les Lucioles"
06904 Sophia Antipolis
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE
France
Address
Avenue De Luminy 163, Campus De Luminy
13288 Marseille
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE
France
Address
Europole Mediteraneen De L'arbois, Cerege
13545 Gardanne
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE
France
Address
Avenue De La Foret De Haye 2
54504 Vandoeuvre-les-nancy
CONSEJO SUPERIOR DE INVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS
Spain
Address
S/n,passeig Joan De Borbo S/n
08039 Barcelona
Cabinet d'Etudes Techniques Industrielles et d'Innovations Scientifiques SA
France
Address
30,Avenue Malacrida
13100 Aix-en-provence
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
France
Address
Avenue De Villeneuve
66025 Perpignan
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique
France
Address
3 Rue De La Batterie Des Lions
13007 Marseille
Christian-Albrechts Universität Kiel
Germany
Address
Olshausenstraße 40
24118 Kiel
Ecole Normale Supérieure
France
Address
1,Rue Maurice Arnoux
92120 Montrouge
Institute of Geology and Mineral Exploration
Greece
Address
1,Fragon
54626 Thessaloniki
ROYAL NETHERLANDS ACADEMY OF ARTS AND SCIENCE
Netherlands
Address
28,Vierstraat 28
4401 EA Yerseke
UNIVERSITE DE NEUCHATEL
Switzerland
Address
11,Rue Emile Argand 11
2007 Neuchatel
UNIVERSITE PAUL SABATIER DE TOULOUSE III
France
Address
Avenue Edouard Belin 14
31400 Toulouse
University of Southampton
United Kingdom
Address
European Way
SO14 3ZH Southampton
Université Henri Poincaré Nancy 1
France
Address
5,Rue Albert Lebrun
54001 Nancy