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Ocean Margin Exchange II - Phase II

Objective



The main objectives of OMEX II-II are the construction and understanding of the carbon cycle and its associated elements along the Iberian coast. This area is dominated by wind driven upwelling events during the summer and by ria inputs and downwelling during the winter. Coastal upwelling areas are among the most productive biological systems in the ocean and therefore of particular economical interest. They are also characterized by large fluxes of organic carbon, nutrients and other trace elements which may be exported to the open ocean or rapidly deposited and buried at geological time scales. They are thus playing an essential role in the marine biogeochemical cycle of many elements. The study of the physical processes should provide knowledge of the local factors (wind and topography) affecting horizontal and vertical transport in relation to the general circulation.
Special attention will be devoted to the role of filaments and eddies in the exchange of material between the coastal zone and the open ocean. Short time scale measurements of flows of carbon and nutrients through the food web will be performed during upwelling events and occasionally in the winter during periods of downwelling. On the other hand, spatial and seasonal variations of the inventories and fluxes of the carbon and associated elements will be investigated to obtain mass balances and to develop models of dynamic processes occurring in the water column.
Since a large part of the primary production in the coastal upwelling zones is rapidly deposited, a special attention will be paid to the understanding, quantification and modelling of the benthic processes related to biological activity and early diagenesis.
A better knowledge of the carbon fluxes and budgets will improve our evaluation of the role of upwelling in organic carbon production and fate in the marine system. This study may refine our understanding of the effect of coastal upwelling on the global climate control and vice versa of potential effects of global warming on the upwelling processes.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

Université Libre de Bruxelles
Address
Boulevard Du Triomphe
1050 Bruxelles
Belgium

Participants (26)

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE
France
Address
Avenue De La Terrasse, Bftiment 12
91198 Gif Sur Yvette
CONSEJO SUPERIOR DE INVESTIGACIONES CIENTIFICAS
Spain
Address
6,Eduardo Cabello 6
36208 Vigo
Christian-Albrechts Universität Kiel
Germany
Address
20,Düsternbrooker Weg
24105 Kiel
Christian-Albrechts Universität Kiel
Germany
Address
1-3,Wischhofstraße
24148 Kiel
Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientòficas
Spain
Address
Muelle De Animas (Apto.130)
15080 La Coruña
FOUNDATION FOR TECHNICAL AND INDUSTRIAL RESEARCH AT THE NORWEGIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY
Norway
Address
O.s. Bragstads Plass 2D
7465 Trondheim
INSTITUTO DE INVESTIGACAO DAS PESCAS E DO MAR
Portugal
Address
Avenida De Brasilia
1449-006 Lisboa
INSTITUTO HIDROGRAFICO
Portugal
Address
49,Rua Das Trinas 49
1249 Lisboa
Instituto Superior Técnico
Portugal
Address
1,Avenida Rovisco Pais 1
1096 Lisbon
NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL
United Kingdom
Address
Empress Dock
SO14 3ZH Southampton
NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL
United Kingdom
Address
Bidston Observatory
L43 7RA Birkenhead
NATURAL ENVIRONMENT RESEARCH COUNCIL
United Kingdom
Address
Bidston Observatory, Bidston Hill
CH43 7RA Prenton
NERC Centre of Coastal and Marine Sciences
United Kingdom
Address
Prospect Place West Hoe
PL1 3DH Plymouth
NETHERLANDS INSTITUTE FOR SEA RESEARCH
Netherlands
Address
Landsdiep 4
1790 AB Den Burg
RISOE NATIONAL LABORATORY
Denmark
Address
399,Frederiksborgvej 399
4000 Roskilde
ROYAL NETHERLANDS ACADEMY OF ARTS AND SCIENCE
Netherlands
Address
7,Korringaweg 7
4400 AC Yerseke
SIR ALISTER HARDY FOUNDATION FOR OCEAN SCIENCE
United Kingdom
Address
Citadel Hill, The Laboratory
PL1 2PB Plymouth
UNIVERSIDAD DE OVIEDO
Spain
Address
S/n,catedratico Rodrigo Uria S/n
33071 Oviedo
UNIVERSIDADE DO ALGARVE
Portugal
Address
322,Campus De Gambelas
8000 Faro
UNIVERSITE DE BORDEAUX I
France
Address
Avenue Des Facultés
33405 Talence
UNIVERSITY OF TROMSOE
Norway
Address
201 B,breivika
9037 Tromsoe
UNIVERSITY OF VIGO
Spain
Address
Campus Lagoas-marcosende
36200 Vigo
University Wales - Bangor
United Kingdom
Address

LL59 5EY Menai Bridge
University of Cambridge
United Kingdom
Address
Downing Street
CB2 3EQ Cambridge
Université de Liège
Belgium
Address
Sart Tilman
4000 Sart-tilman - Liège
Vrije Universiteit Brussel
Belgium
Address
2,Pleinlaan 2
1050 Bruxelles