The purpose of the European Centre for the Epidemiological Monitoring of AIDS is to collect, analyse and distribute epidemiological data on acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in Europe. AIDS surveillance data are available in aggregate format for 31 European countries. Quarterly reports are issued and sent to a network of 600 correspondents. The information is also available on a computer network (Euraids).
Specifc databases on transfusion associated AIDS cases and HIV serosurveys undergone in the World Health Organization (WHO) European Region are also available. They have been set up to estimate the incubation period distribution, the size of the epidemic and the future incidence of transfusion associated AIDS in Europe. Current data concludes that among adults infected by transfusion prior to 1986, around 8000 may eventually develop AIDS, with a total of 2573 cases diagnosed by 31 March 1992.
Other applications include trend analysis, short term predictions and study of AIDS incubation time and survival. To analyse characteristics and trends of AIDS cases among injecting drug users (IDU), they are reported through the European nonaggregate AIDS data set (ENAADS) for surveillance. From this data it maybe concluded that since 1982 cases increased more rapidly among IDUs than in any other group.
Logistic and scientific secretariat support for the Disease Control and Prevention part of the EC Research Programme for Concerted Actions is provided.