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Biomagnetism: A diagnostic tool

Objective

- Increase scientific efficiency
- improve scientific and technical knowledge
- optimize the capacity and economic efficiency
- obtain results from a larger sample
- harmonize methodologies
- make knowledge of developments more widely available
All centres in Europe involved in biomagnetic research participated in the project. This included cardiologists, neurologists, psychologists, physicists, technicians and mathematicians. The project resulted in pooling of knowledge, sharing of tasks, standardization, testing of instruments, comparison and evaluation of methods and results as well as education of scientists. The biomagnetic technique offers a noninvasive tool for localizing electric activity in the brain and in the heart. It is also a tool to monitor magnetic materials. Biomagnetism is based on a superconductive sensor, which is continuously improved (eg using high critical temperature (Tc) materials, integrated sensors and fluxtransformers and digital readout). European industries have also been involved in the project to develop further their biomagnetic equipment. More centres now carry out biomagnetic research using better equipment like multichannel systems, shielded rooms, improved signal processing and combined magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and biomagnetic imaging allowing a number of possible applications to be explored. Basic software has been made available to all participants who can communicate via an E-mail based computer network.
Why was and is cooperation so important?

- All biomagnetic groups are represented, making it possible to agree on standards.
- Especially for diagnosis based on statistics it is necessary to enlarge the number of patients studied.
- European Industry has invested a huge amount of money.
- Scientific efficiency is increased by the transfer of knowledge to groups just starting on biomagnetic research.

Methods Used

1. Workshops

2. Individual grants

3. Bulletin, proceedings, computer network, including a file server

4. Video tapes

5. COMAC stand

Coordinator

University of Twente
Address
Po Box 217
7500 AE Enschede
Netherlands