OBJECTIVES AND EXPECTED ACHIEVEMENTS 1.1 Background
The continued increase of the world population demands a similar increase in the production of food protein and carbohydrates. The need for an increase in the food production calls for intensified exploitation of marine living resources, either through commercial fishing of wild stocks, or, more likely, through large scale aquaculture of fish, shellfish and algae in coastal areas. It is estimated that our use of aquaculture facilities will increase ten fold by the year 2050.
In the marine environment, microalgae can often grow rapidly or be concentrated by physical factors to attain extremely high concentrations such that they discolor the water and may toxify shellfish. Although algal "blooms" can be a common occurrence in aquatic habitats, they can also impart serious detrimental effects to the environment and to public health when they are associated with toxicity for human and/or sea products.
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