Farming wheat in Europe requires a large input of chemicals to realise maximum yield. This is now a heavy burden on the farming industry as the EU implements its CAP reforms, which will reduce cereal prices. We propose to develop wheat with enhanced inherent nitrogen use, which will require less fertiliser input thus cut the cost of production and safeguard the environment from excessive nitrate pollution and greenhouse gas emissions in line with EU directives. Partner one has developed wheat with improved nitrogen use by over-expressing the enzyme glutamine synthesise (GS). We will combine cereal transformation with quantitative genetics and nitrogen metabolism to develop new wheat genotypes with improved fertiliser use efficiency. This will demonstrate that genetic manipulation of plants can be environmentally safe, economically useful and important for solving difficult agronomic problems.
Funding SchemeCSC - Cost-sharing contracts