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NUCLEAR ASTROPHYSICS : EXPERIMENTAL AND THEORETICAL STUDIES

Objective


Experimental and theoretical investigations were carried out into the properties of atomic nuclei and nuclear transmutations in various astrophysical environments as well as research in the fields of stellar structure and evolution, and nucleosynthesis.

In particular, the following areas were investigated:
the measurement of astrophysically important nuclear reactions involving radioactive nuclei with lifetimes below one hour;
the new measurements of subcoulomb barrier nuclear reactions involving stable nuclei;
the modelling of nuclear reactions at energies of astrophysical interest;
the microscopic modelling of the static properties of exotic nuclei;
the buildup of more reliable models for the structure and evolution of stars as well as for nucleosynthesis;
the chemical evolution and dating of the galaxy.
A better understanding of the chemical composition of the universe and of the energy sources and evolution of various astrophysical objects requires the measurement of many sub-Coulomb nuclear reaction cross sections, involving in particular radioactive and isomeric nuclei. Relevant laboratory studies need novel experimental techniques which will be developed within the project. The experimental studies will be complemented with detailed nuclear physics
calculations and with the refined modelling of astrophysical scenarios. For the first time in Europe, the proposed project makes possible an immediate coupling between laboratory and theoretical nuclear astrophysics. Furthermore, the availability of radioactive ion beams will be unique in the world.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

Universite Libre de Bruxelles
Address
Avenue Franklin Roosevelt 50
Bruxelles
Belgium

Participants (9)

CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE
France
Address
Boulevard Arago 98 Bis
75014 Paris
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE
France
Address
Université De Paris-sud 11, 104
91405 Gometz La Ville
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE
France
Address
Rue Georges Clémenceau Université De Paris-sud 15
91406 Orsay
GEORG-AUGUST-UNIVERSITY GOETTINGEN
Germany
Address
Grisebachstrasse 6
37077 Goettingen
KATHOLIEKE UNIVERSITEIT LEUVEN
Belgium
Address
Oude Markt 13
3000 Louvain / Leuven
UNIVERSITAET STUTTGART
Germany
Address
Keplerstrasse 7
70174 Stuttgart
UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN
Belgium
Address
Place De L'universite 1
Louvain-la-neuve
VRIJE UNIVERSITEIT BRUSSEL
Belgium
Address
Pleinlaan 2
1050 Bruxelles
WESTFAELISCHE WILHELMS-UNIVERSITAET MUENSTER
Germany
Address
Rontgenstrasse 9-13
48149 Muenster