The purpose of this proposal is:
(i) to map out in detail how industrial policy (in its broadest sense) at the national and regional level has changed and adapted to European level initiatives in science and technology (S&T) of the last two decades:
(ii) to use these country-based studies as the basis for a series of horizontal, thematic studies which give comparative perspective to developments;
(iii) to analyse the inter-relationships, or co-evolution, of policies between the different spheres and levels of government and, in the light of this, to consider how best policy between these different levels may be co-ordinated.
Most studies of the European Union's S&T policies concentrate, not surprisingly, on the development and impact of policy at the European level. This proposal starts instead at the national and regional level and charts the development of policy at that level over the last 15-20 years. It is conceived within the intellectual framework of national systems of innovation, seen here as nationally-based sets of institutions and rules and routines which govern these institutions. The central issue is how these systems adapt and re-organise themselves to accommodate the emergence of a new, supra-national player which, like governments, can change the rules and create new institutions. How far is there a process of mutual adaptation or 'co-evolution' taking place? What implications might this have for co-ordination?
The proposal addresses the Commission's interest in the inter-relationships of policy both between different policy areas and between the different levels of government within the Union. The second phase, horizontal studies, also help address the issue of comparative developments between the Community and its Triad trading partners.
The study will be undertaken by a team of researchers, co-ordinated by the Science Policy Research Unit, from six countries within the Union. Each brings to the project expertise and knowledge of developments in their own country but specialist expertise in other areas - developments in Japan and the US, regional policies and the workings of the Structural Funds, relationships between large and small firms and the processes of technology transfer. The aim is to capture this knowledge and capabilities in a series of studies which will not only inform the policy debate within the Community, but also contribute to a wider understanding of the processes which have contributed to the building of the EU and the making of contemporary history.
Funding SchemeCSC - Cost-sharing contracts
113 83 Stockholm