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Labour demand, education and the dynamics of social exclusion

Objective



This proposal outlines a programme of research which will study the dynamics of social integration and exclusion among a number of groups at risk (young people, females, migrants and unemployed) in Europe, against a background of structural changes in European labour markets arising from technical progress, market integration, and a variety of differences in educational and training programmes.

The proposed research agenda has three key objectives:

- to analyse the effects of technological change on the demand for labour in terms of education and skills,

- to develop new indicators of 'social exclusion' and new analytical techniques to explore the dynamics of exclusion for problems groups,
- to investigate how different labour market, educational, immigration and social policies have moderated this process, and to suggest alternative policy directions.

A major contribution will aim at methodological advances in the analysis of multidimensional indicators of social exclusion. While labour market and income outcomes are important, aspects such as types and location of housing (e.g. 'ghettos'), access to public services, crime, health and the nature of social networks are also essential. Social exclusion should also be viewed as a relative concept that changes over time and differs between cultures.
The research will also emphasise the sequential nature of social exclusion, which can be halted and even reversed. Technological change will be considered as a major cause. The dynamics of social exclusion and the role of training will be studied over time using panel data and for particular groups at risk.

The proposed research will be co-ordinated by the Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR), and will involve the collaboration of ten research teams drawn from a variety of disciplines (demography, sociology, political science, economic history, labour economics, educational economics, gender economics, economics of technical change, international economics, institutional economics, econometrics and statistics).

The collaboration of teams from Ireland, the UK, Denmark, Sweden, Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Portugal and Israel is essential to the achievement of the research objectives. These countries provide an ideal natural experiment: they display strong contrasts in the scale, character and timing of important processes of social inclusion and exclusion, such as female work, immigration, unemployment and differences in training and educational systems. There are also, however, similarities between subsets of these countries, such as particular migration experiences, unemployment processes and the general threat of technical change. The contrasts will provide a sharp test of the methodology which underlies the proposed research.

In addition, the contrasting national experiences will help to distinguish purely national and local aspects of social exclusion from those structural features common throughout the EU. The research will be based on the intensive use of large-scale panel datasets, and the development of new 'register-based' surveys.

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

CENTRE FOR ECONOMIC POLICY RESEARCH
Address
Goswell Road 90-98
EC1V 7RR London
United Kingdom

Participants (11)

Bar-Ilan University
Israel
Address

52900 Ramat Gan
CENTRE NATIONAL DE LA RECHERCHE SCIENTIFIQUE
France
Address
Boulevard Gabriel Péri 15
92245 Malakoff
CENTRO DE ESTUDIOS MONETARIOS Y FINANCIEROS
Spain
Address
Casado Del Alisal 5
Madrid
ECONOMIC AND SOCIAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE
Ireland
Address
Burlington Road 4
Dublin
INSTITUTE FOR THE STUDY OF LABOR GMBH
Germany
Address
Schaumburg-lippe-strasse 7-9
53113 Bonn
Istituto Universitario Europeo
Italy
Address
Via Dei Roccettini 5
50016 Fiesole Firenze
LUND UNIVERSITY
Sweden
Address
1,Tycho Brahes Väg
220 07 Lund
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
Germany
Address
28 Rg,ludwigstrasse
80539 München 22
UNIVERSIDADE NOVA DE LISBOA
Portugal
Address
Travessa Estevao Pinto - Campolide
1099-032 Lisboa
University of Essex
Århus Universitet
Denmark
Address
10,Gustav Wieds Vej 10
8000 Århus