The Treaty on European Union signed in Maastricht in February 1992 established the status of citizenship of the Union in Articles 8 to 8e of the EC Treaty. In line with the objectives of Area III 4, research task 2 (TSER Work Programme 1996, p.28) this network will explore the integrative potential of this policy and the new concept of European citizenship it introduces. Particular attention will be paid to comparing its impact upon and relationship to the traditions of citizenship of a number of different Member States, looking especially at the interaction of the social with other dimensions of citizenship, and evaluating the legal institutions and mechanisms developed and required for its implementation.
The network will focus on the following seven objectives:
1. Developing a conceptual framework for the analysis of the policy of European Citizenship based around a comparison and critique of two broad approaches towards the citizenship ideal - the civic nationalist and the cosmopolitan globalist - and the possibility of a third approach that combines elements of these two.
2. Comparing citizenship traditions within the following states: Britain, France, Germany, Italy and Norway, with a view to exploring the possibility of a composite European civic identity. Particular attention will be paid to the different ways these traditions relate social and economic to legal and political rights, and their greater or lesser inclusiveness. Points of compatibility and incompatibility between the traditions will be highlighted.
3. Examining evidence, as supplied through Eurobarometer polls and the monthly Europinion surveys and similar national studies, of an emergent European national identity.
4. Comparing different models of rights and related functional accounts of sovereignty that offer a cosmopolitan identity that goes beyond citizenship. Particular attention will be paid to schemes of international social justice.
5. Examining evidence of a cosmopolitan globalist approach based on either universal human rights or functional ties within the EU. The rights based judgements of the ECJ and appeals to the European Ombudsman respectively, will provide the prime focus of this research.
6. Exploring the possibility of a multiple or mixed conception of citizenship based on elements of both models, where different criteria are used for different purposes.
7. Exploring the institutional consequences of adopting each of the two main models and different versions of the mixed model, both in terms of changes to the existing constitutional arrangements and the need to devise novel political institutions and mechanisms of accountability and welfare provision, or to adapt current ones.
The network consists of 8 Partners from 6 European States, two of which are located in less favoured regions. In addition to an exchange of faculty, five conferences will be organised in order to achieve the networks 7 objectives. These conferences will present an overview of the state of the art knowledge; involve a comparison of national traditions and approaches; be multidiciplinary; identify areas for new research; present policy proposals.
The conference topics and schedule are as follows: + 4 months: 'Civic nationalist and Cosmopolitan Globalist Conceptions of Citizenship'; + 11 months: 'Traditions of Citizenship: Towards an Overlapping Consensus?'; + 18 months: 'Models of Citizenship and Forms of Social and Political Exclusion and Inclusion'; + 25 months: 'A European Identity?'; + 32 months: 'The Constitution of European Democracy and Social Policy'. The papers at each seminar will be made generally available in the form of Working Papers and a special Network Web Page established by Partner 1. Practitioners from government and European bodies will also be invited to each of the seminars. Papers from the first two seminars will be published in a special issue of the leading US journal The European Legacy. A volume on Citizenship, Identity and Inclusion; and on New Forms of European Democracy will be published in a series published by Partner 1 in conjunction with Macmillan.
Funding SchemeCSC - Cost-sharing contracts