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New approaches to develop integrated control of root parasitism for improving the sustainability of banana cropping systems

Objective




In several banana cropping systems in the tropics, productivity and plantation longevity is strongly hampered by root parasitism consisting mainly of nematodes and fungi. Controling soilborne pathogens in intensive banana cropping systems has been done so far mostly by pesticide application. In low input cropping systems (i.e. Plantain), no control is currently practiced. For several years, research has been focused on the chemical control of nematodes in intensive farming systems.

The objective of our proposal is to lay the scientific foundations for new approaches developing integrated control of soilborne pathogens for improving the sustainability of banana cropping systems. Research application will be oriented to the management of the banana rhizosphere in banana plantation.

The two most important agents pathogenic to banana root will be considered : Radopholus similis (nematode) and Cylindrocladium SPP. (fungus).In the present state of knowledge, our objectives involve research in (1) the relationship between spread of soilborne pathogens and soil properties, (2) the biology, bioecology and aggressivity of these pathogens, their mutual interactions and their interactions with non pathogenic organisms, (3) the physico-chemical ambience of the banana rhizosphere and its biocenosis, (4) the effects of vesicular Arbuscular Mycorhizae (VAM) to root efficiency.

The present proposal requires a multidisciplinary research involving soil science, soil microbiology, nematology and phytopathology.
Other important aspects of this proposal have to be mentioned : training and the possibility of a technology transfer (production of VAM inoculum for site specific VAM strains).

Funding Scheme

CSC - Cost-sharing contracts

Coordinator

UNIVERSITE CATHOLIQUE DE LOUVAIN
Address
2/10,Place Croix Du Sud 2
1348 Louvain-la-neuve
Belgium

Participants (5)

Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement (CIRAD)
France
Address

34032 Montpellier
Centre de Recherche Régionales sur Bananiers et Plaintains
Cameroon
Address

Douala
Natural Resources Institute
United Kingdom
Address
Central Avenue Chatham Maritime
ME4 4TB Chatham
UNIVERSITE D'ANGERS
France
Address
Bd Lavoisier 2
49045 Angers
Windward Islands Banana Grower's Association
Saint Lucia
Address
Wm Peter Boulevard
Casteries